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Optica Publishing Group
  • Current Optics and Photonics
  • Vol. 5,
  • Issue 6,
  • pp. 699-710
  • (2021)

Photorealistic Ray-traced Visualization Approach for the Interactive Biomimetic Design of Insect Compound Eyes

Open Access Open Access

Abstract

In this study, we propose a biomimetic optical structure design methodology for investigating micro-optical mechanisms associated with the compound eyes of insects. With these compound eyes, insects can respond fast while maintaining a wide field of view. Also, considerable research attention has been focused on the insect compound eyes to utilize these benefits. However, their nano micro-structures are complex and challenging to demonstrate in real applications. An effectively integrated design methodology is required considering the manufacturing difficulty. We show that photorealistic ray-traced visualization is an effective method for designing the biomimetic of a micro-compound eye of an insect. We analyze the image formation mechanism and create a three-dimensional computer-aided design model. Then, a ray-trace visualization is applied to observe the optical image formation. Finally, the segmented images are stitched together to generate an image with a wide-angle; the image is assessed for quality. The high structural similarity index (SSIM) value (approximately 0.84 to 0.89) of the stitched image proves that the proposed MATLAB-based image stitching algorithm performs effectively and comparably to the commercial software. The results may be employed for the understanding, researching, and design of advanced optical systems based on biological eyes and for other industrial applications.

© 2021 Optical Society of Korea

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References

  • View by:

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2020 (3)

2019 (1)

Y. Li, M. Tofighi, V. Monga, "Robust alignment for panoramic stitching via an exact rank constraint," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 28, 4730‒4745 (2019)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (1)

Q. Wu, H. Li, F. Meng, K. N. Ngan, "A perceptually weighted rank correlation indicator for objective image quality assessment," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 27, 2499‒2513 (2018)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (3)

Y. Cheng, J. Cao, Q. Hao, F. Zhang, S. Wang, W. Xia, L. Meng, Y. Zhang, H. Yu, "Compound eye and retina-like combination sensor with a large field of view based on a space-variant curved micro lens array," Appl. Opt. 56, 3502‒3509 (2017)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Cogal, Y. Leblevichi, "An insect eye inspired miniaturized multi camera system for endoscopic imaging," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Circuits Syst. 11, 212‒224 (2017)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wu, T. Zhang, G. Zhang, B. Schoenemann, F. Neri, M. Zhu, C. Bu, J. Han, K.-D. Kuhnert, "Artificial compound eye: a survey of the state-of-the-art," Artif. Intell. Rev. 48, 573‒603 (2017)
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

C. Je, H.-M. Park, "Optimized hierarchical block matching for fast and accurate image registration," Signal Process. Image Commun. 28, 779‒791 (2013)
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2010 (2)

Y. Xiong, K. Pulli, "Fast panorama stitching for high-quality panoramic images on mobile phones," IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 56, 298‒306 (2010)
[Crossref]

A. Brückner, J. Duparré, R. Leitel, P. Dannberg, A. Bräuer, A. Tünnermann, "Thin wafer-level camera lenses inspired by insect compound eyes," Opt. Express 18, 24379‒24394 (2010)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

R. Szeliski, "Image alignment and stitching: A tutorial," Found. Trends Comput. Graph. Vis (2006)

K.-H. Jeong, J. Kim, L. P. Lee, "Biologically inspired artificial compound eyes," Science 312, 557‒561 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

J. Kim, J. A. Fessler, "Intensity based image registration using robust correlation coefficients," IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 23, 1430‒1444 (2004)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, A. C. Bovik, H. R. Sheikh, E. P. Simoncelli, "Image quality assessment: from error visibility to structural similarity," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 13, 600‒612 (2004)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Lowe, "Distinctive image features from scale-invariant key points," Int. J. Comput. Vis. 60, 91‒110 (2004)
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

G. Edward, "Optics and phylogeny: is there an insight? The evolution of superposition eyes in the Decapoda (Crustacea)," Contrib. Zool. 67, 223‒236 (1998)
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

P. J. Burt, E. H. Adelson, "A multiresolution spline with application to image mosaics," ACM. Trans. Graph. 2, 217‒236 (1983)
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

M. F. Land, "Optics and vision in invertebrates," in Handbook of sensory physiology, H. Autrum, Ed Vol. VII/6B, 471‒592 (1981)
[Crossref]

Adelson, E. H.

P. J. Burt, E. H. Adelson, "A multiresolution spline with application to image mosaics," ACM. Trans. Graph. 2, 217‒236 (1983)
[Crossref]

Alcantarilla, P. F.

P. F. Alcantarilla, A. Bartoli, A. J. Davison, KAZE Features in Computer Vision-ECCV 2012 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science Sereis, Vol. 7577) .

Bartoli, A.

P. F. Alcantarilla, A. Bartoli, A. J. Davison, KAZE Features in Computer Vision-ECCV 2012 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science Sereis, Vol. 7577) .

Bay, H.

H. Bay, T. Tuytelaars, L. G. Van, SURF: Speeded up robust features in Computer Vision-ECCV 2006 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science Series, Vol. 3951) .

Bovik, A. C.

Z. Wang, A. C. Bovik, H. R. Sheikh, E. P. Simoncelli, "Image quality assessment: from error visibility to structural similarity," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 13, 600‒612 (2004)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bräuer, A.

Brown, M.

M. Brown, D. Lowe, "Automatic panoramic image stitching using invariant features," Int. J. Comput. Vis. 74, 59‒73 (2007)
[Crossref]

Brückner, A.

Bu, C.

S. Wu, T. Zhang, G. Zhang, B. Schoenemann, F. Neri, M. Zhu, C. Bu, J. Han, K.-D. Kuhnert, "Artificial compound eye: a survey of the state-of-the-art," Artif. Intell. Rev. 48, 573‒603 (2017)
[Crossref]

Burt, P. J.

P. J. Burt, E. H. Adelson, "A multiresolution spline with application to image mosaics," ACM. Trans. Graph. 2, 217‒236 (1983)
[Crossref]

Cao, J.

Cheng, Y.

Choi, H.-J.

Cogal, O.

O. Cogal, Y. Leblevichi, "An insect eye inspired miniaturized multi camera system for endoscopic imaging," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Circuits Syst. 11, 212‒224 (2017)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dannberg, P.

Davison, A. J.

P. F. Alcantarilla, A. Bartoli, A. J. Davison, KAZE Features in Computer Vision-ECCV 2012 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science Sereis, Vol. 7577) .

Duparré, J.

Eddins, S.

S. Eddins, "Multiresolution Pyramid part 3: Laplacian pyramids," (MathWorks, Published date: 2019 April 16)

Edward, G.

G. Edward, "Optics and phylogeny: is there an insight? The evolution of superposition eyes in the Decapoda (Crustacea)," Contrib. Zool. 67, 223‒236 (1998)
[Crossref]

Fessler, J. A.

J. Kim, J. A. Fessler, "Intensity based image registration using robust correlation coefficients," IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 23, 1430‒1444 (2004)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, J.

S. Wu, T. Zhang, G. Zhang, B. Schoenemann, F. Neri, M. Zhu, C. Bu, J. Han, K.-D. Kuhnert, "Artificial compound eye: a survey of the state-of-the-art," Artif. Intell. Rev. 48, 573‒603 (2017)
[Crossref]

Hao, Q.

Je, C.

C. Je, H.-M. Park, "Optimized hierarchical block matching for fast and accurate image registration," Signal Process. Image Commun. 28, 779‒791 (2013)
[Crossref]

Jeong, K.-H.

K.-H. Jeong, J. Kim, L. P. Lee, "Biologically inspired artificial compound eyes," Science 312, 557‒561 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, J.

K.-H. Jeong, J. Kim, L. P. Lee, "Biologically inspired artificial compound eyes," Science 312, 557‒561 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kim, J. A. Fessler, "Intensity based image registration using robust correlation coefficients," IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 23, 1430‒1444 (2004)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y. W.

C. S. Min, Y. W. Kim, J. S. Lee, Analysis of interrelation between FFR and OCTCT diagnostic for bending stenosed blood vessel using CFD, in Proc. Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers Autumn Annual Conference .

Kuhnert, K.-D.

S. Wu, T. Zhang, G. Zhang, B. Schoenemann, F. Neri, M. Zhu, C. Bu, J. Han, K.-D. Kuhnert, "Artificial compound eye: a survey of the state-of-the-art," Artif. Intell. Rev. 48, 573‒603 (2017)
[Crossref]

Lam, E. Y.

Land, M. F.

M. F. Land, "Optics and vision in invertebrates," in Handbook of sensory physiology, H. Autrum, Ed Vol. VII/6B, 471‒592 (1981)
[Crossref]

M. F. Land, D.-E. Nilsson, Animal Eyes .

Leblevichi, Y.

O. Cogal, Y. Leblevichi, "An insect eye inspired miniaturized multi camera system for endoscopic imaging," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Circuits Syst. 11, 212‒224 (2017)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, H.

Lee, J. S.

C. S. Min, Y. W. Kim, J. S. Lee, Analysis of interrelation between FFR and OCTCT diagnostic for bending stenosed blood vessel using CFD, in Proc. Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers Autumn Annual Conference .

Lee, L. P.

K.-H. Jeong, J. Kim, L. P. Lee, "Biologically inspired artificial compound eyes," Science 312, 557‒561 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lei, L.

Leitel, R.

Li, H.

Q. Wu, H. Li, F. Meng, K. N. Ngan, "A perceptually weighted rank correlation indicator for objective image quality assessment," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 27, 2499‒2513 (2018)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, M. Tofighi, V. Monga, "Robust alignment for panoramic stitching via an exact rank constraint," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 28, 4730‒4745 (2019)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Li, V. Monga, SIASM: Sparsity based image alignment and stitching method for robust image mosaicking, in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Image Processing -ICIP .

Lowe, D.

M. Brown, D. Lowe, "Automatic panoramic image stitching using invariant features," Int. J. Comput. Vis. 74, 59‒73 (2007)
[Crossref]

Lowe, D. G.

D. G. Lowe, "Distinctive image features from scale-invariant key points," Int. J. Comput. Vis. 60, 91‒110 (2004)
[Crossref]

Meng, F.

Q. Wu, H. Li, F. Meng, K. N. Ngan, "A perceptually weighted rank correlation indicator for objective image quality assessment," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 27, 2499‒2513 (2018)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meng, L.

Min, C. S.

C. S. Min, Y. W. Kim, J. S. Lee, Analysis of interrelation between FFR and OCTCT diagnostic for bending stenosed blood vessel using CFD, in Proc. Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers Autumn Annual Conference .

Monga, V.

Y. Li, M. Tofighi, V. Monga, "Robust alignment for panoramic stitching via an exact rank constraint," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 28, 4730‒4745 (2019)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Li, V. Monga, SIASM: Sparsity based image alignment and stitching method for robust image mosaicking, in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Image Processing -ICIP .

Neri, F.

S. Wu, T. Zhang, G. Zhang, B. Schoenemann, F. Neri, M. Zhu, C. Bu, J. Han, K.-D. Kuhnert, "Artificial compound eye: a survey of the state-of-the-art," Artif. Intell. Rev. 48, 573‒603 (2017)
[Crossref]

Ngan, K. N.

Q. Wu, H. Li, F. Meng, K. N. Ngan, "A perceptually weighted rank correlation indicator for objective image quality assessment," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 27, 2499‒2513 (2018)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nilsson, D.-E.

M. F. Land, D.-E. Nilsson, Animal Eyes .

Park, H.-M.

C. Je, H.-M. Park, "Optimized hierarchical block matching for fast and accurate image registration," Signal Process. Image Commun. 28, 779‒791 (2013)
[Crossref]

Park, M.

Pulli, K.

Y. Xiong, K. Pulli, "Fast panorama stitching for high-quality panoramic images on mobile phones," IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 56, 298‒306 (2010)
[Crossref]

Schoenemann, B.

S. Wu, T. Zhang, G. Zhang, B. Schoenemann, F. Neri, M. Zhu, C. Bu, J. Han, K.-D. Kuhnert, "Artificial compound eye: a survey of the state-of-the-art," Artif. Intell. Rev. 48, 573‒603 (2017)
[Crossref]

Schreiber, P.

Sheikh, H. R.

Z. Wang, A. C. Bovik, H. R. Sheikh, E. P. Simoncelli, "Image quality assessment: from error visibility to structural similarity," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 13, 600‒612 (2004)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Simoncelli, E. P.

Z. Wang, A. C. Bovik, H. R. Sheikh, E. P. Simoncelli, "Image quality assessment: from error visibility to structural similarity," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 13, 600‒612 (2004)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suen, S. T. Y.

Szeliski, R.

R. Szeliski, "Image alignment and stitching: A tutorial," Found. Trends Comput. Graph. Vis (2006)

Tofighi, M.

Y. Li, M. Tofighi, V. Monga, "Robust alignment for panoramic stitching via an exact rank constraint," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 28, 4730‒4745 (2019)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tünnermann, A.

Tuytelaars, T.

H. Bay, T. Tuytelaars, L. G. Van, SURF: Speeded up robust features in Computer Vision-ECCV 2006 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science Series, Vol. 3951) .

Van, L. G.

H. Bay, T. Tuytelaars, L. G. Van, SURF: Speeded up robust features in Computer Vision-ECCV 2006 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science Series, Vol. 3951) .

Wang, S.

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, Z. Yang, "Review on image stitching techniques," Multimed. Syst. 26, 413‒430 (2020)
[Crossref]

Z. Wang, A. C. Bovik, H. R. Sheikh, E. P. Simoncelli, "Image quality assessment: from error visibility to structural similarity," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 13, 600‒612 (2004)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wong, K. K. Y.

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu, H. Li, F. Meng, K. N. Ngan, "A perceptually weighted rank correlation indicator for objective image quality assessment," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 27, 2499‒2513 (2018)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, S.

S. Wu, T. Zhang, G. Zhang, B. Schoenemann, F. Neri, M. Zhu, C. Bu, J. Han, K.-D. Kuhnert, "Artificial compound eye: a survey of the state-of-the-art," Artif. Intell. Rev. 48, 573‒603 (2017)
[Crossref]

Xia, W.

Xiong, Y.

Y. Xiong, K. Pulli, "Fast panorama stitching for high-quality panoramic images on mobile phones," IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 56, 298‒306 (2010)
[Crossref]

Yang, U.

Yang, Z.

Z. Wang, Z. Yang, "Review on image stitching techniques," Multimed. Syst. 26, 413‒430 (2020)
[Crossref]

Yi, A. Y.

Yu, H.

Zhang, F.

Zhang, G.

S. Wu, T. Zhang, G. Zhang, B. Schoenemann, F. Neri, M. Zhu, C. Bu, J. Han, K.-D. Kuhnert, "Artificial compound eye: a survey of the state-of-the-art," Artif. Intell. Rev. 48, 573‒603 (2017)
[Crossref]

Zhang, T.

S. Wu, T. Zhang, G. Zhang, B. Schoenemann, F. Neri, M. Zhu, C. Bu, J. Han, K.-D. Kuhnert, "Artificial compound eye: a survey of the state-of-the-art," Artif. Intell. Rev. 48, 573‒603 (2017)
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Zhu, M.

S. Wu, T. Zhang, G. Zhang, B. Schoenemann, F. Neri, M. Zhu, C. Bu, J. Han, K.-D. Kuhnert, "Artificial compound eye: a survey of the state-of-the-art," Artif. Intell. Rev. 48, 573‒603 (2017)
[Crossref]

(MathWorks, Published date: 2019 April 16) (1)

S. Eddins, "Multiresolution Pyramid part 3: Laplacian pyramids," (MathWorks, Published date: 2019 April 16)

ACM. Trans. Graph. (1)

P. J. Burt, E. H. Adelson, "A multiresolution spline with application to image mosaics," ACM. Trans. Graph. 2, 217‒236 (1983)
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Artif. Intell. Rev. (1)

S. Wu, T. Zhang, G. Zhang, B. Schoenemann, F. Neri, M. Zhu, C. Bu, J. Han, K.-D. Kuhnert, "Artificial compound eye: a survey of the state-of-the-art," Artif. Intell. Rev. 48, 573‒603 (2017)
[Crossref]

Contrib. Zool. (1)

G. Edward, "Optics and phylogeny: is there an insight? The evolution of superposition eyes in the Decapoda (Crustacea)," Contrib. Zool. 67, 223‒236 (1998)
[Crossref]

Curr. Opt. Photon. (2)

Found. Trends Comput. Graph. Vis (1)

R. Szeliski, "Image alignment and stitching: A tutorial," Found. Trends Comput. Graph. Vis (2006)

IEEE Trans. Biomed. Circuits Syst. (1)

O. Cogal, Y. Leblevichi, "An insect eye inspired miniaturized multi camera system for endoscopic imaging," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Circuits Syst. 11, 212‒224 (2017)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. (1)

Y. Xiong, K. Pulli, "Fast panorama stitching for high-quality panoramic images on mobile phones," IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 56, 298‒306 (2010)
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Image Process. (3)

Y. Li, M. Tofighi, V. Monga, "Robust alignment for panoramic stitching via an exact rank constraint," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 28, 4730‒4745 (2019)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Wu, H. Li, F. Meng, K. N. Ngan, "A perceptually weighted rank correlation indicator for objective image quality assessment," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 27, 2499‒2513 (2018)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, A. C. Bovik, H. R. Sheikh, E. P. Simoncelli, "Image quality assessment: from error visibility to structural similarity," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 13, 600‒612 (2004)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging (1)

J. Kim, J. A. Fessler, "Intensity based image registration using robust correlation coefficients," IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 23, 1430‒1444 (2004)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

in Handbook of sensory physiology, H. Autrum, Ed (1)

M. F. Land, "Optics and vision in invertebrates," in Handbook of sensory physiology, H. Autrum, Ed Vol. VII/6B, 471‒592 (1981)
[Crossref]

Int. J. Comput. Vis. (2)

M. Brown, D. Lowe, "Automatic panoramic image stitching using invariant features," Int. J. Comput. Vis. 74, 59‒73 (2007)
[Crossref]

D. G. Lowe, "Distinctive image features from scale-invariant key points," Int. J. Comput. Vis. 60, 91‒110 (2004)
[Crossref]

Multimed. Syst. (1)

Z. Wang, Z. Yang, "Review on image stitching techniques," Multimed. Syst. 26, 413‒430 (2020)
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Science (1)

K.-H. Jeong, J. Kim, L. P. Lee, "Biologically inspired artificial compound eyes," Science 312, 557‒561 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Signal Process. Image Commun. (1)

C. Je, H.-M. Park, "Optimized hierarchical block matching for fast and accurate image registration," Signal Process. Image Commun. 28, 779‒791 (2013)
[Crossref]

Other (5)

Y. Li, V. Monga, SIASM: Sparsity based image alignment and stitching method for robust image mosaicking, in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Image Processing -ICIP .

M. F. Land, D.-E. Nilsson, Animal Eyes .

C. S. Min, Y. W. Kim, J. S. Lee, Analysis of interrelation between FFR and OCTCT diagnostic for bending stenosed blood vessel using CFD, in Proc. Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers Autumn Annual Conference .

H. Bay, T. Tuytelaars, L. G. Van, SURF: Speeded up robust features in Computer Vision-ECCV 2006 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science Series, Vol. 3951) .

P. F. Alcantarilla, A. Bartoli, A. J. Davison, KAZE Features in Computer Vision-ECCV 2012 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science Sereis, Vol. 7577) .

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