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Optica Publishing Group
  • Current Optics and Photonics
  • Vol. 6,
  • Issue 3,
  • pp. 332-336
  • (2022)

Uniform Side Illumination Generated from LEDs Arranged by an Annealing Algorithm

Open Access Open Access

Abstract

Given a cubic space, it is easy to uniformly illuminate the floor with light sources placed on top. However, little has been reported about uniform illumination on walls with the same configuration of light sources. Here we present a luminaire consisting of nine light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with perfect Lambertian distribution, placed on the top as a 3 × 3 rectangular LED array. The distances between LEDs and tilt angles of each individual LED are adjustable and optimized by an annealing algorithm. After optimization, the array produces a rectangular illumination pattern on one wall with a uniformity of about 89%. Analysis shows that the tilt angles of individual LEDs are key parameters for uniform side illumination. In a scenario that is more practical, the tilt angles of all the LEDs are set to be the same, only decreasing the uniformity to 83%.

© 2022 Optical Society of Korea

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References

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F. Y. Jiao, S. S. Wen, B. X. Ma, B. Zhang, X. Y. Jiang, Y. L. Lu, W. Z. Huang, Q. B. Wu, "Design of stereo LED plant light source system with high spatial illumination uniformity," Acta Opt. Sin. 40, (2020)
[Crossref]

2018 (2)

S. Zhang, S.-S. Wen, B.-X. Ma, P.-Y. Pang, H.-W. Chen, M.-X. Cai, M. Fu, Y.-M. Hou, X. Zuo, "High uniformity LED Panel-light for plant lighting," Chinese J. Luminesci. 39, 403‒413 (2018)
[Crossref]

ANH Q. D. Nguyen, P. X. Le, H. Y. Lee, "Design of a novel TIR lens for optimizing the optical performance of white LED lamps," J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 20, 349‒355 (2018)

2014 (2)

2013 (1)

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2010 (2)

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F. Nguyen, B. Terao, J. Laski, "Realizing LED illumination lighting applications," Proc. SPIE 5941, (2005)
[Crossref]

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D. A. Steigerwald, J. C. Bhat, D. Collins, R. M. Fletcher, M. O. Holcomb, M. J. Ludowise, P. S. Martin, S. L. Rudaz, "Illumination with solid state lighting technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 310‒320 (2002)
[Crossref]

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S. Kirkpatrick, C. D. Gelatt Jr., M. P. Vecchi, "Optimization by simulated annealing," Science 220, 671‒680 (1983)
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Bhat, J. C.

D. A. Steigerwald, J. C. Bhat, D. Collins, R. M. Fletcher, M. O. Holcomb, M. J. Ludowise, P. S. Martin, S. L. Rudaz, "Illumination with solid state lighting technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 310‒320 (2002)
[Crossref]

Cai, J.-Y.

Cai, M.-X.

S. Zhang, S.-S. Wen, B.-X. Ma, P.-Y. Pang, H.-W. Chen, M.-X. Cai, M. Fu, Y.-M. Hou, X. Zuo, "High uniformity LED Panel-light for plant lighting," Chinese J. Luminesci. 39, 403‒413 (2018)
[Crossref]

Cai, W.

Chen, F.

Chen, H.-W.

S. Zhang, S.-S. Wen, B.-X. Ma, P.-Y. Pang, H.-W. Chen, M.-X. Cai, M. Fu, Y.-M. Hou, X. Zuo, "High uniformity LED Panel-light for plant lighting," Chinese J. Luminesci. 39, 403‒413 (2018)
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

Collins, D.

D. A. Steigerwald, J. C. Bhat, D. Collins, R. M. Fletcher, M. O. Holcomb, M. J. Ludowise, P. S. Martin, S. L. Rudaz, "Illumination with solid state lighting technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 310‒320 (2002)
[Crossref]

Du, X.

Fletcher, R. M.

D. A. Steigerwald, J. C. Bhat, D. Collins, R. M. Fletcher, M. O. Holcomb, M. J. Ludowise, P. S. Martin, S. L. Rudaz, "Illumination with solid state lighting technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 310‒320 (2002)
[Crossref]

Fu, M.

S. Zhang, S.-S. Wen, B.-X. Ma, P.-Y. Pang, H.-W. Chen, M.-X. Cai, M. Fu, Y.-M. Hou, X. Zuo, "High uniformity LED Panel-light for plant lighting," Chinese J. Luminesci. 39, 403‒413 (2018)
[Crossref]

Holcomb, M. O.

D. A. Steigerwald, J. C. Bhat, D. Collins, R. M. Fletcher, M. O. Holcomb, M. J. Ludowise, P. S. Martin, S. L. Rudaz, "Illumination with solid state lighting technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 310‒320 (2002)
[Crossref]

Hou, Y.-M.

S. Zhang, S.-S. Wen, B.-X. Ma, P.-Y. Pang, H.-W. Chen, M.-X. Cai, M. Fu, Y.-M. Hou, X. Zuo, "High uniformity LED Panel-light for plant lighting," Chinese J. Luminesci. 39, 403‒413 (2018)
[Crossref]

Huang, W. Z.

F. Y. Jiao, S. S. Wen, B. X. Ma, B. Zhang, X. Y. Jiang, Y. L. Lu, W. Z. Huang, Q. B. Wu, "Design of stereo LED plant light source system with high spatial illumination uniformity," Acta Opt. Sin. 40, (2020)
[Crossref]

Ji, Z.

Jiang, X. Y.

F. Y. Jiao, S. S. Wen, B. X. Ma, B. Zhang, X. Y. Jiang, Y. L. Lu, W. Z. Huang, Q. B. Wu, "Design of stereo LED plant light source system with high spatial illumination uniformity," Acta Opt. Sin. 40, (2020)
[Crossref]

Jiao, F. Y.

F. Y. Jiao, S. S. Wen, B. X. Ma, B. Zhang, X. Y. Jiang, Y. L. Lu, W. Z. Huang, Q. B. Wu, "Design of stereo LED plant light source system with high spatial illumination uniformity," Acta Opt. Sin. 40, (2020)
[Crossref]

Jr., C. D. Gelatt

S. Kirkpatrick, C. D. Gelatt Jr., M. P. Vecchi, "Optimization by simulated annealing," Science 220, 671‒680 (1983)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kirkpatrick, S.

S. Kirkpatrick, C. D. Gelatt Jr., M. P. Vecchi, "Optimization by simulated annealing," Science 220, 671‒680 (1983)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laski, J.

F. Nguyen, B. Terao, J. Laski, "Realizing LED illumination lighting applications," Proc. SPIE 5941, (2005)
[Crossref]

Le, P. X.

ANH Q. D. Nguyen, P. X. Le, H. Y. Lee, "Design of a novel TIR lens for optimizing the optical performance of white LED lamps," J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 20, 349‒355 (2018)

Lee, H. Y.

ANH Q. D. Nguyen, P. X. Le, H. Y. Lee, "Design of a novel TIR lens for optimizing the optical performance of white LED lamps," J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 20, 349‒355 (2018)

Lei, X.

Liu, S.

Liu, X.

Lo, Y.-C.

Lu, Y. L.

F. Y. Jiao, S. S. Wen, B. X. Ma, B. Zhang, X. Y. Jiang, Y. L. Lu, W. Z. Huang, Q. B. Wu, "Design of stereo LED plant light source system with high spatial illumination uniformity," Acta Opt. Sin. 40, (2020)
[Crossref]

Ludowise, M. J.

D. A. Steigerwald, J. C. Bhat, D. Collins, R. M. Fletcher, M. O. Holcomb, M. J. Ludowise, P. S. Martin, S. L. Rudaz, "Illumination with solid state lighting technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 310‒320 (2002)
[Crossref]

Luo, X.

Ma, B. X.

F. Y. Jiao, S. S. Wen, B. X. Ma, B. Zhang, X. Y. Jiang, Y. L. Lu, W. Z. Huang, Q. B. Wu, "Design of stereo LED plant light source system with high spatial illumination uniformity," Acta Opt. Sin. 40, (2020)
[Crossref]

Ma, B.-X.

S. Zhang, S.-S. Wen, B.-X. Ma, P.-Y. Pang, H.-W. Chen, M.-X. Cai, M. Fu, Y.-M. Hou, X. Zuo, "High uniformity LED Panel-light for plant lighting," Chinese J. Luminesci. 39, 403‒413 (2018)
[Crossref]

Martin, P. S.

D. A. Steigerwald, J. C. Bhat, D. Collins, R. M. Fletcher, M. O. Holcomb, M. J. Ludowise, P. S. Martin, S. L. Rudaz, "Illumination with solid state lighting technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 310‒320 (2002)
[Crossref]

Moreno, I.

Nguyen, ANH Q. D.

ANH Q. D. Nguyen, P. X. Le, H. Y. Lee, "Design of a novel TIR lens for optimizing the optical performance of white LED lamps," J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 20, 349‒355 (2018)

Nguyen, F.

F. Nguyen, B. Terao, J. Laski, "Realizing LED illumination lighting applications," Proc. SPIE 5941, (2005)
[Crossref]

Pang, P.-Y.

S. Zhang, S.-S. Wen, B.-X. Ma, P.-Y. Pang, H.-W. Chen, M.-X. Cai, M. Fu, Y.-M. Hou, X. Zuo, "High uniformity LED Panel-light for plant lighting," Chinese J. Luminesci. 39, 403‒413 (2018)
[Crossref]

Qin, Z.

Rudaz, S. L.

D. A. Steigerwald, J. C. Bhat, D. Collins, R. M. Fletcher, M. O. Holcomb, M. J. Ludowise, P. S. Martin, S. L. Rudaz, "Illumination with solid state lighting technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 310‒320 (2002)
[Crossref]

Steigerwald, D. A.

D. A. Steigerwald, J. C. Bhat, D. Collins, R. M. Fletcher, M. O. Holcomb, M. J. Ludowise, P. S. Martin, S. L. Rudaz, "Illumination with solid state lighting technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 310‒320 (2002)
[Crossref]

Su, Z.

Su, Z. P.

J. W. Wang, Z. P. Su, Z. J. Yuan, Y. Q. Zhu, "Study on uniformity of LED array illumination distribution on target plane," Acta Photonica Sin. 43, (2014)
[Crossref]

Sun, C.-C.

Tasi,

Tasi, M.-S.

Terao, B.

F. Nguyen, B. Terao, J. Laski, "Realizing LED illumination lighting applications," Proc. SPIE 5941, (2005)
[Crossref]

Vecchi, M. P.

S. Kirkpatrick, C. D. Gelatt Jr., M. P. Vecchi, "Optimization by simulated annealing," Science 220, 671‒680 (1983)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J. W.

J. W. Wang, Z. P. Su, Z. J. Yuan, Y. Q. Zhu, "Study on uniformity of LED array illumination distribution on target plane," Acta Photonica Sin. 43, (2014)
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

Wen, S. S.

F. Y. Jiao, S. S. Wen, B. X. Ma, B. Zhang, X. Y. Jiang, Y. L. Lu, W. Z. Huang, Q. B. Wu, "Design of stereo LED plant light source system with high spatial illumination uniformity," Acta Opt. Sin. 40, (2020)
[Crossref]

Wen, S.-S.

S. Zhang, S.-S. Wen, B.-X. Ma, P.-Y. Pang, H.-W. Chen, M.-X. Cai, M. Fu, Y.-M. Hou, X. Zuo, "High uniformity LED Panel-light for plant lighting," Chinese J. Luminesci. 39, 403‒413 (2018)
[Crossref]

Wu, Q. B.

F. Y. Jiao, S. S. Wen, B. X. Ma, B. Zhang, X. Y. Jiang, Y. L. Lu, W. Z. Huang, Q. B. Wu, "Design of stereo LED plant light source system with high spatial illumination uniformity," Acta Opt. Sin. 40, (2020)
[Crossref]

Xiang, H.

Xu, L.

Xue, D.

Yuan, Z. J.

J. W. Wang, Z. P. Su, Z. J. Yuan, Y. Q. Zhu, "Study on uniformity of LED array illumination distribution on target plane," Acta Photonica Sin. 43, (2014)
[Crossref]

Z.-Y,

Zhang, B.

F. Y. Jiao, S. S. Wen, B. X. Ma, B. Zhang, X. Y. Jiang, Y. L. Lu, W. Z. Huang, Q. B. Wu, "Design of stereo LED plant light source system with high spatial illumination uniformity," Acta Opt. Sin. 40, (2020)
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, S.-S. Wen, B.-X. Ma, P.-Y. Pang, H.-W. Chen, M.-X. Cai, M. Fu, Y.-M. Hou, X. Zuo, "High uniformity LED Panel-light for plant lighting," Chinese J. Luminesci. 39, 403‒413 (2018)
[Crossref]

Zhenrong, Z.

Zhu, Y. Q.

J. W. Wang, Z. P. Su, Z. J. Yuan, Y. Q. Zhu, "Study on uniformity of LED array illumination distribution on target plane," Acta Photonica Sin. 43, (2014)
[Crossref]

Zuo, X.

S. Zhang, S.-S. Wen, B.-X. Ma, P.-Y. Pang, H.-W. Chen, M.-X. Cai, M. Fu, Y.-M. Hou, X. Zuo, "High uniformity LED Panel-light for plant lighting," Chinese J. Luminesci. 39, 403‒413 (2018)
[Crossref]

Acta Opt. Sin. (1)

F. Y. Jiao, S. S. Wen, B. X. Ma, B. Zhang, X. Y. Jiang, Y. L. Lu, W. Z. Huang, Q. B. Wu, "Design of stereo LED plant light source system with high spatial illumination uniformity," Acta Opt. Sin. 40, (2020)
[Crossref]

Acta Photonica Sin. (1)

J. W. Wang, Z. P. Su, Z. J. Yuan, Y. Q. Zhu, "Study on uniformity of LED array illumination distribution on target plane," Acta Photonica Sin. 43, (2014)
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Chinese J. Luminesci. (1)

S. Zhang, S.-S. Wen, B.-X. Ma, P.-Y. Pang, H.-W. Chen, M.-X. Cai, M. Fu, Y.-M. Hou, X. Zuo, "High uniformity LED Panel-light for plant lighting," Chinese J. Luminesci. 39, 403‒413 (2018)
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. A. Steigerwald, J. C. Bhat, D. Collins, R. M. Fletcher, M. O. Holcomb, M. J. Ludowise, P. S. Martin, S. L. Rudaz, "Illumination with solid state lighting technology," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 310‒320 (2002)
[Crossref]

J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. (1)

ANH Q. D. Nguyen, P. X. Le, H. Y. Lee, "Design of a novel TIR lens for optimizing the optical performance of white LED lamps," J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 20, 349‒355 (2018)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

F. Nguyen, B. Terao, J. Laski, "Realizing LED illumination lighting applications," Proc. SPIE 5941, (2005)
[Crossref]

Science (1)

S. Kirkpatrick, C. D. Gelatt Jr., M. P. Vecchi, "Optimization by simulated annealing," Science 220, 671‒680 (1983)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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