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Optica Publishing Group
  • Journal of Lightwave Technology
  • Vol. 33,
  • Issue 13,
  • pp. 2855-2859
  • (2015)

Quantum Random Number Generation for 1.25-GHz Quantum Key Distribution Systems

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Abstract

Security proofs of quantum key distribution (QKD) systems usually assume that the users have access to source of perfect randomness. State-of-the-art QKD systems run at frequencies in the gigahertz range, requiring a sustained gigahertz rate of generation and acquisition of quantum random numbers. In this paper, we demonstrate such a high-speed random number generator. The entropy source is based on an amplified spontaneous emission from an erbium-doped fibre, which is directly acquired using a standard small form-factor pluggable module. The module connects to the field programmable gate array (FPGA) of a QKD system. A real-time randomness extractor is implemented in the FPGA, and achieves a sustained rate of 1.25 Gb/s of provably random bits.

© 2015 IEEE

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