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Optica Publishing Group
  • Journal of Lightwave Technology
  • Vol. 34,
  • Issue 1,
  • pp. 6-19
  • (2016)

Raman Amplification: An Enabling Technology for Long-Haul Coherent Transmission Systems

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Abstract

Raman amplification has been commercially utilized in optical transmission systems for more than a decade. The drive toward higher spectral density has increased the interest in Raman to improve system performance. This tutorial reviews the benefits of Raman amplification, defines methods to analyze system performance, and describes the issues involved with system deployment and operation.

© 2015 IEEE

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