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Optica Publishing Group
  • Journal of Near Infrared Spectroscopy
  • Vol. 28,
  • Issue 4,
  • pp. 224-235
  • (2020)

Classification of fish species from different ecosystems using the near infrared diffuse reflectance spectra of otoliths

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Abstract

Applications of Fourier transform near infrared (FT-NIR) spectroscopy in fisheries science are currently limited. This current analysis of otolith spectral data demonstrate the potential applicability of FT-NIR spectroscopy to otolith chemistry and spatial variability in fisheries science. The objective of this study was to examine the use of NIR spectroscopy as a tool to differentiate among marine fishes in four large marine ecosystems. We examined otoliths from 13 different species, with three of these species coming from different regions. Principal component analysis described the main directions along which the specimens were separated. The separation of species and their ecosystems may suggest interactions between fish phylogeny, ontogeny, and environmental conditions that can be evaluated using NIR spectroscopy. In order to discriminate spectra across ecosystems and species, four supervised classification model techniques were utilized: soft independent modelling of class analogies, support vector machine discriminant analysis, partial least squares discriminant analysis, and k-nearest neighbor analysis (KNN). This study showed that the best performing model to classify combined ecosystems, all four ecosystems, and species was the KNN model, which had an overall accuracy rate of 99.9%, 97.6%, and 91.5%, respectively. Results from this study suggest that further investigations are needed to determine applications of NIR spectroscopy to otolith chemistry and spatial variability.

© 2020 The Author(s)

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