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Extending P4 in-band telemetry to user equipment for latency- and localization-aware autonomous networking with AI forecasting

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Abstract

In beyond-5G networks, detailed end-to-end monitoring of specific application traffic will be required along with the access-backhaul-cloud continuum to enable low latency service due to local edge steering. Current monitoring solutions are confined to specific network segments. In-band network telemetry (INT) technologies for software defined network (SDN) programmable data planes based on the P4 language are effective in the backhaul network segment, although limited to inter-switch latency; therefore, link latencies including wireless and optical segments are excluded from INT monitoring. Moreover, information such as user equipment (UE) geolocation would allow detailed mobility monitoring and improved cloud-edge steering policies. However, the synchronization between latency and location information, typically provided by different platforms, is hard to achieve with current monitoring systems. In this paper, P4-based INT is proposed to be thoroughly extended involving UE. The INT mechanism is designed to provide synchronized and accurate end-to-end latency and geolocation information, enabling decentralized steering policies, i.e., involving UE and selected switches, without SDN controller intervention. The proposal also includes an artificial-intelligence-assisted forecast system able to predict latency and geolocation in advance and trigger faster edge steering.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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