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Comparative study for evaluating the cost efficiency of 5G Ethernet mobile fronthaul networks

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Abstract

With the advances in mobile network technologies, the fronthaul is being evolved to centralized and cloud networks, leading to the emergence of various optical multiplexing architectures. Among others, the Ethernet-based packet switching network is considered one of the most promising concepts due to the inherent merits of Ethernet such as backward compatibility, high reliability, and cost reduction. This work aims at evaluating the Ethernet-based mobile fronthaul network by comparing it with other configuration options. In particular, we calculate and compare the total cost of ownership (TCO) in order to emphasize the cost efficiency of the 5G Ethernet fronthaul network. For this, we analyze the packet aggregation capabilities of the Ethernet fronthaul through queueing latency modeling. Hence, we show that the statistical multiplexing enabled by packet switching reduces the cost related to optical transceiver modules and subsequently fiber optic cabling, which eventually allows for the TCO to be less than 70% of the active transparent system.

© 2022 Optica Publishing Group

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