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Achieving QoS for bursty uRLLC applications over passive optical networks

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Abstract

Emerging real-time applications such as those classified under ultra-reliable low latency (uRLLC) generate bursty traffic and have strict quality of service (QoS) requirements. The passive optical network (PON) is a popular access network technology, which is envisioned to handle such applications at the access segment of the network. However, the existing standards cannot handle strict QoS constraints for such applications. The available solutions rely on instantaneous heuristic decisions and maintain QoS constraints (mostly bandwidth) in an average sense. Existing proposals in generic networks with optimal strategies are computationally complex and are, therefore, not suitable for uRLLC applications. This paper presents a novel computationally efficient, far-sighted bandwidth allocation policy design for facilitating bursty uRLLC traffic in a PON framework while satisfying strict QoS (age of information/delay and bandwidth) requirements. To this purpose, first we design a delay-tracking mechanism, which allows us to model the resource allocation problem from a control-theoretic viewpoint as a model predictive control (MPC) problem. MPC helps in making far-sighted decisions regarding resource allocations and captures the time-varying dynamics of the network. We provide computationally efficient polynomial time solutions and show their implementation in the PON framework. Compared to existing approaches, MPC can improve delay violations by 15% and 45% at loads of 0.8 and 0.9, respectively, for delay-constrained applications of 1 ms and 4 ms. Our approach is also robust to varying traffic arrivals.

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