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Supervised graph convolution networks for OSNR and power estimation in optical mesh networks

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Abstract

The optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) and received optical channel power are critical parameters in determining the quality of transmission. The OSNR and received optical channel power are influenced by network impairments such as fiber loss, amplified stimulated emission noise, and nonlinear impairments. Furthermore, environmental effects and routing, modulation, and spectrum assignment schemes influence the OSNR and thus the reach of the optical channels. These impairments and effects vary with the spectral loads that are hard to predict in brownfield networks. Several deep neural network (DNN)-based methods have been explored to estimate the OSNR and nonlinear noise. However, these methods ignore the network topology. This paper bridges this gap by leveraging supervised graph convolution neural networks (GCNs), which operate directly on graphs for OSNR and received power estimation in an optical mesh network. We also develop and implement a novel graph windowed neural network (GWinN) to reduce the over-smoothing effects of a GCN and thus learn localized behaviors like fiber cuts. We apply a DNN, GCN, and GWinN in practice to a testbed of 8 reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexers and 22 amplifiers. Our procedure accurately estimates the OSNR with a prediction error mean and a standard deviation of (${-}{0.02}\;{\rm dB}$, 0.35 dB) for a reference OSNR ranging from (16 dB) to (24 dB).

© 2022 Optica Publishing Group

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