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Visibility of Colors Underwater

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Abstract

The underwater visibility of various colors, both fluorescent and nonfluorescent, was measured in four different bodies of water. The waters were selected to sample the continuum from very murky to clear. SCUBA divers observed with a horizontal path and other subjects on the surface looked down vertically. Fluorescent colors were always more visible than nonfluorescent, but the specific colors that were easiest and most difficult to see depended upon the body of water.

© 1967 Optical Society of America

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