Expand this Topic clickable element to expand a topic
Skip to content
Optica Publishing Group

Brightness function: Effect of area and duration

Not Accessible

Your library or personal account may give you access

Abstract

The dependence of perceived brightness on flash luminance and duration was determined for dark-adapted observers, with target size, retinal location, and wavelength varied parametrically. In the first series of experiments, observers made magnitude estimations of the brightness of flashes of varying luminance and duration. Perceived brightness varied as a power function of luminance, with simple fractional exponents: 1, (1/2), (1/3). The exponents for brightness depend upon both target size and flash duration. The second series of experiments determined how the Broca–Sulzer brightness enhancement shifts to briefer or longer durations with changes of luminance. Observers adjusted the duration of constant-luminance flashes to produce a maximally bright flash. The flash duration producing maximum brightness varied as a power function of luminance with simple fractional exponents: −(1/2) for point sources and −(1/3) for extended sources. The regularity of the exponents suggests that a simple mechanism underlies the encoding of brightness information in the dark-adapted state.

© 1973 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
More Like This
Spatial factors in the Broca–Sulzer phenomenon*

Lawrence E. Arend
J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63(7) 879-883 (1973)

Brightness exponent for the periphery in the Bloch region

Naoyuki Osaka
J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68(1) 140-142 (1978)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an Optica member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access Optica Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an Optica member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access Optica Member Subscription

Figures (6)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an Optica member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access Optica Member Subscription

Tables (2)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an Optica member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access Optica Member Subscription

Equations (5)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an Optica member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access Optica Member Subscription

Select as filters


Select Topics Cancel
© Copyright 2022 | Optica Publishing Group. All Rights Reserved