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Asymptotic behavior of the spatial frequency response of an optical system with defocus and spherical aberration

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Abstract

Asymptotic expressions are derived for the two-dimensional incoherent optical transfer function (OTF) of an optical system with defocus and spherical aberration. The two-dimensional stationary phase method is used to evaluate the aberrated OTF at large and moderately large defocus and spherical aberration. For small aberrations, the OTF is approximated by a power series in the aberration coefficients. An accurate approximation (in elementary functions) to the OTF is obtained for a defocused optical system with a circular pupil. We experimentally demonstrate the validity of the OTF approximations in sharp-focus image restoration from two defocused images. A digital focusing method is presented.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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