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Derivation of the propagation equations for higher order aberrations of local wavefronts

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Abstract

From the literature the analytical calculation of local power and astigmatism of a wavefront after refraction and propagation is well known; it is, e.g., performed by the Coddington equation for refraction and the classical vertex correction formula for propagation. Recently the authors succeeded in extending the Coddington equation to higher order aberrations (HOA). However, equivalent analytical propagation equations for HOA do not exist. Since HOA play an increasingly important role in many fields of optics, e.g., ophthalmic optics, it is the purpose of this study to extend the propagation equations of power and astigmatism to the case of HOA (e.g., coma and spheri cal aberration). This is achieved by local power series expansions. In summary, with the results presented here, it is now possible to calculate analytically the aberrations of a propagated wavefront directly from the aberrations of the original wavefront containing both low-order and high-order aberrations.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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