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Electromagnetic scattering from cylindrical objects above a conductive surface using a hybrid finite- element–surface integral equation method

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Abstract

This work presents a novel finite-element solution to the problem of scattering from a finite and an infinite array of cylindrical objects with arbitrary shapes and materials over perfectly conducting ground planes. The formulation is based on using the surface integral equation with Green’s function of the first or second kind as a boundary constraint. The solution region is divided into interior regions containing the cylindrical objects and the region exterior to all the objects. The finite-element formulation is applied inside the interior regions to derive a linear system of equations associated with nodal field values. Using two-boundary formulation, the surface integral equation is then applied at the truncation boundary as a boundary constraint to connect nodes on the boundaries to interior nodes. The technique presented here is highly efficient in terms of computing resources, versatile, and accurate in comparison with previously published methods. The near and far fields are generated for a finite and an infinite array of objects. While the surface integral equation in combination with the finite-element method was applied before to the problem of scattering from objects in free space, the application of the method to the important problem of scattering from objects above infinite flat ground planes is presented here for the first time, to our knowledge.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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