The human color sensation depends on the local and global spatial arrangements of the colors in the scene. Emulating this dependence requires the exploration of the image in search of a white reference. The algorithm Termite Retinex explores the image by a set of paths resembling traces of a swarm of termites. Starting from this approach, we develop a novel spatial exploration scheme where the termite paths are local minimums of an energy function, which depend on the image visual content. The energy is designed to favor the visitation of regions containing information relevant to the color sensation while minimizing the coverage of less essential regions. This exploration method contributes to the investigation of the spatial properties of the color sensation and, to the best of our knowledge, is the first model relying on mathematical global conditions for the Retinex paths. The experiments show that the estimation of the color sensation obtained by means of the proposed spatial sampling is a valid alternative to the one based on Termite Retinex.
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