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Color induction in equiluminant flashed stimuli

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Abstract

Color induction is the influence of the surrounding color (inducer) on the perceived color of a central region. There are two different types of color induction: color contrast (the color of the central region shifts away from that of the inducer) and color assimilation (the color shifts towards the color of the inducer). Several studies on these effects have used uniform and striped surrounds, reporting color contrast and color assimilation, respectively. Other authors [J. Vis. 12(1), 22 (2012) [CrossRef]  ] have studied color induction using flashed uniform surrounds, reporting that the contrast is higher for shorter flash duration. Extending their study, we present new psychophysical results using both flashed and static (i.e., non-flashed) equiluminant stimuli for both striped and uniform surrounds. Similarly to them, for uniform surround stimuli we observed color contrast, but we did not obtain the maximum contrast for the shortest (10 ms) flashed stimuli, but for 40 ms. We only observed this maximum contrast for red, green, and lime inducers, while for a purple inducer we obtained an asymptotic profile along the flash duration. For striped stimuli, we observed color assimilation only for the static (infinite flash duration) red–green surround inducers (red first inducer, green second inducer). For the other inducers’ configurations, we observed color contrast or no induction. Since other studies showed that non-equiluminant striped static stimuli induce color assimilation, our results also suggest that luminance differences could be a key factor to induce it.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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