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Vector space of generalized radii of ellipses for quantitative analysis of blur patches and other referred apertures in the astigmatic eye

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Abstract

Ellipses are features of several structures in astigmatic eyes; they include retinal blur patches. How can one calculate change or averages or perform other quantitative analyses on such elliptical structures? The matrix A in the equation rTAr=1, commonly used to represent an ellipse, is positive definite; such matrices do not define vector spaces. They are unsuitable, therefore, for quantitative analysis of ellipses. This paper defines a generalized radius R of an ellipse that is positive or negative definite for locally diverging or converging rays, respectively, indefinite between line foci, and singular at foci. Generalized radii of ellipses constitute a vector space and are suitable for quantitative analysis of elliptical ocular structures.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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