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Wavefront propagation based on the ray transfer matrix and numerical orthogonal Zernike gradient polynomials

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Abstract

The aberrated wavefront propagates along its normal. Both the magnitude and boundary change after the propagation. Wavefronts characterized by Zernike coefficients and a normalized pupil radius can also be represented by a bundle of feature rays normal to the local surface. A ray transfer matrix parameterized by the pupil radius and propagation distance is proposed to transfer these feature rays to obtain the slope and position data of the propagated feature rays. Numerical orthogonal Zernike gradient polynomials are derived to reconstruct the wavefront from the discrete data by using a numerical method. Two aberrated wavefronts are performed as examples to validate the accuracy and flexibility of the proposed numerical method.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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