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Optimized coded aperture for frugal hyperspectral image recovery using a dual-disperser system

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Abstract

We present a novel acquisition scheme based on a dual-disperser architecture, which can reconstruct a hyperspectral datacube using many times fewer acquisitions than spectral bands. The reconstruction algorithm follows a quadratic regularization approach, based on the assumption that adjacent pixels in the scene share similar spectra, and, if they do not, this corresponds to an edge that is detectable on the panchromatic image. A digital micro-mirror device applies reconfigurable spectral–spatial filtering to the scene for each acquisition, and the filtering code is optimized considering the physical properties of the system. The algorithm is tested on simple multi-spectral scenes with 110 wavelength bands and is able to accurately reconstruct the hyperspectral datacube using only 10 acquisitions.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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