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Investigation on the nonreciprocal properties of one-dimensional cylindrical magnetized plasma photonic crystals

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Abstract

In this paper, the equations for the transfer matrix method of one-dimensional cylindrical magnetized plasma photonic crystals are proposed, and its nonreciprocal properties based on the Thue–Morse sequence are also studied. By adding the influence of the magnetic field into Maxwell’s equations in the cylindrical coordinate system, the transmission matrix equation of cylindrical wave propagation in the cylindrical medium is obtained and a quasi-periodic structure with the Thue–Morse sequence is designed to study its nonreciprocal features. By considering Maxwell’s equations and the equations of motion of charged particles, the relative dielectric function of plasma under the $z$-axis magnetic field is achieved. Considering the influences of this dielectric function in the cylindrical coordinate system, the transmission matrix equations of cylindrical wave propagation in the cylindrical medium are derived, and those equations are used to design a cylindrical structure with two layers of ordinary medium and one layer of plasma satisfying the Thue–Morse sequence. It is concluded that the nonreciprocal phenomenon becomes more and more obvious with the increase of the plasma frequency, the relative dielectric constant of the medium, and the incident angle. But with the increase of ${\omega _c}$, the nonreciprocal propagation is attenuated, and there is no significant change when the collision frequency is enlarging.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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