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Steady-state resonance fluorescence spectrum of a two-level atom in a cavity

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Abstract

We calculate the steady-state spectrum of resonance fluorescence from a two-level atom coupled to a single cavity mode and driven by a strong, in general off-resonance, external field. In the strong-coupling limit, each Mollow triplet component is split into a multiplet, whose detailed structure depends on the atom–cavity coupling, the cavity and spontaneous emission decay constants, and the photon-number distribution of the cavity mode. The dressed states for this system are identified, and the spectral features are interpreted in terms of transitions among these dressed states. In particular, we find that the central component of the central multiplet can have a strongly subnatural linewidth.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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