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Coherent dynamics and dephasing of one-dimensional magnetoexcitons in GaAs

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Abstract

We study the ultrashort dynamics and the dephasing processes of one-dimensional Lorentzian and Fano magnetoexcitons in GaAs, using temporally and spectrally resolved four-wave mixing. The dephasing of the Lorentzian magnetoexcitons is determined by quasi-particle scattering, dominated by exciton – exciton scattering at low temperatures. In contrast, the dephasing time of the Fano magnetoexcitons is intrinsically limited by the Fano coupling to the continuum. Quantum interference is observed if Fano magnetoexcitons contribute to the four-wave mixing signal. This effect is absent in the case of purely Lorentzian dynamics. We show that Lorentzian and Fano magnetoexciton resonances are coupled by Coulomb correlation and discuss the consequences of this coupling.

© 1996 Optical Society of America

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