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Propagation of short pulses with fluctuating peak power in the zero-dispersion wavelength region of single-mode fibers

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Abstract

We address the propagation properties of short, noisy pulses in the spectral vicinity of the zero-dispersion wavelength of single-mode fibers. We present a numerical propagation model that includes amplitude fluctuations by introducing a Gaussian statistical distribution of the peak powers. Experiments that use as a source a figure-eight-shaped fiber laser terminated by various types and lengths of dispersion-shifted fiber confirm the calculated propagation properties. We demonstrate the dependence on mean peak power, on noise, and on fiber length of the spectral and temporal evolutions of the propagating pulses.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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