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Cooperative upconversion and energy transfer of new high Er3+- and Yb3+–Er3+-doped phosphate glasses

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Abstract

Systematic studies of cooperative upconversion and Yb3+Er3+ energy transfer in newly developed phosphate glasses were performed by a rate-equation formalism. The cooperative-upconversion coefficients of the  4I13/2 level for different Er3+ concentrations were determined from the luminescence-decay curves for high pump intensities. A small cooperative-upconversion coefficient of 1.1×10-18 cm3/s was obtained for a high Er3+ concentration of 4×1020ions/cm3. Yb3+Er3+ energy-transfer coefficients for an Er3+ concentration of 2×1020ions/cm3 codoped with different Yb3+ concentrations were calculated from the lifetime measurements of the  2F5/2 level of Yb3+ions. For Er3+ codoped with an Yb3+ concentration of 6×1020ions/cm3, an energy-transfer coefficient of 1.1×10-16 cm3/s and an energy-transfer efficiency higher than 95% were determined from our measurements under weak excitation. The cooperative-upconversion coefficients of Yb3+Er3+-doped samples were found to be consistent with that of an Er3+-doped sample with the same Er3+ concentration. The weak cooperative-upconversion effect of high Er3+ concentrations and efficient Yb3+Er3+ energy transfer indicate that these newly developed Er3+- and Yb3+Er3+-doped phosphate glasses are excellent for active device applications.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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