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Efficient transmission mechanisms for waveguides with 90° bends in pillar photonic crystals

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Abstract

Transmission mechanisms for simple 90° bends in waveguides in photonic crystals consisting of a square lattice of pillars (pillar PCs) were investigated. We utilized the fact that the electromagnetic field of a guided wave is characterized by two predominant plane-wave components. It was revealed by theoretical analyses that, if kd is the wave vector of those plane-wave components, a guided wave with a Bloch wave vector k can efficiently propagate through a 90° waveguide bend when kkd=12. Under this wave-vector condition, a single plane-wave component of a guided wave carries nearly all the electromagnetic power through the waveguide bend. Impedance matching at the waveguide bend is also established by that power-carrying plane-wave component. It was demonstrated, using three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain simulation, that a simple 90° bend of a waveguide in a pillar-PC slab efficiently transmitted a guided wave under that wave-vector condition.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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