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Transient and nonlinear analysis of slow-light pulse propagation in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering

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Abstract

We investigate slow-light pulse propagation in an optical fiber via transient stimulated Brillouin scattering. Space–time evolution of a generating slow-light pulse is numerically calculated by solving three-wave coupled-mode equations between a pump beam, an acoustic wave, and a counterpropagating signal pulse. Our mathematical treatments are applicable to both narrowband and broadband pump cases. We show that the time delay of 85% pulse width can be obtained for a signal pulse of the order of subnanosecond pulse width by using a broadband pump, while the signal pulse is broadened only by 40% of the input signal pulse. The physical origin of the pulse broadening and distortion is explained in terms of the temporal decay of the induced acoustic field.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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