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Teleportation of an N-photon Greenberger–Horne–Zeilinger (GHZ) polarization-entangled state using linear optical elements

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Abstract

With one pair of photons’ polarization-entangled state as the quantum channel, we present an explicit generalized linear optical protocol for perfectly teleporting an N-photon Greenberger–Horne–Zeilinger (GHZ) polarization-entangled state from a sender to a receiver using only one two-photon polarization-entangled state as the quantum channel. This protocol has the advantage of transmitting much fewer photons and classical information for teleporting the N-photon GHZ polarization-entangled state than others, and the proposed setup involves simple linear optical elements, photon polarization-entangled states, and conventional photon detectors. These make the present protocol more realizable in experiments.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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