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Phase-controlled optical switching and slow- and weak-light solitons in a coherent molecular system with permanent dipole moments

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Abstract

We investigate the linear and nonlinear light pulse propagations in a three-level Λ-type molecular system with permanent dipole moments via electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT). We find that EIT characters in such a system depend strongly on the phase of control field, based on which a phase-controlled optical switch can be designed. We show that the Kerr nonlinearity of the system can be largely enhanced due to the control-field-induced quantum interference effect. We derive a nonlinear Schrödinger equation for the evolution of the probe-field envelope and demonstrate that it is possible to generate stable slow- and weak-light solitons in the system.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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