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Observation of Lévy statistics in one-dimensional erbium-based random fiber laser

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Abstract

We report on measurements of the statistical fluctuations of the output intensity in a continuous-wave-pumped erbium-doped one-dimensional random fiber laser (RFL), with specially designed Bragg grating scatterers. Transitions from Gaussian to Lévy-like and back to the Gaussian regime, similar to those observed in three-dimensional random lasers, are described as the input excitation power increases from below to above the RFL threshold. Our results are consistent with theoretical predictions for the sequence of statistical regimes of output intensity in random laser systems. We also discuss experimental and theoretical connections with the photonic spin-glass behavior of the erbium-doped RFL, which displays a replica-symmetry-breaking phase above the threshold.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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