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Circular edge states in photonic crystals with a Dirac node

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Abstract

Edge states are studied for the 2D Dirac equation in circular geometry. The properties of the two-component electromagnetic field are discussed in terms of the three-component polarization field, which can form a vortex structure near the Dirac node with a vorticity changing with the sign of the Dirac mass. The Berry curvature of the polarization field is related to the Berry curvature of the Dirac spinor state. This quantity is sensitive to a change of boundary conditions. In particular, it vanishes for a geometry with a single boundary but not for a geometry with two boundaries. This effect is robust against the creation of a step-like edge inside the sample.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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