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Intensity-based measuring of the topological charge alteration by the diffraction of vortex beams from amplitude sinusoidal radial gratings

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Abstract

For convenient optical communications by the aid of vortex beams, topological charge (TC) alterations should be translated to the change in intensity of the output light. In this paper, we formulate and experimentally investigate diffraction of vortex beams from amplitude radial gratings having sinusoidal profiles. We show that the diffraction pattern simply renders both TC and twist direction of the impinging vortex beam. When the TC of the vortex beam and the radial grating spoke number are equal, intensity on the optical axis of the Fraunhofer pattern gets a maximum value. Otherwise, its value on the optical axis remains zero. We examined the method on different vortex beams; the measured TCs of generated beams are in excellent agreement with the expected values. We show that an alteration between two vortex beams, in which one has a TC equal to the grating spoke number, is translated to a binary change in intensity of the output light on the optical axis. This feature might find wide applications in optical communications.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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Supplementary Material (1)

NameDescription
Visualization 1       Calculated diffraction patterns from an amplitude radial grating with m=10 illuminated by the vortex beams with w=2 mm and l= 3, 10 at different propagation distances in the range from z=0 to z=10z_T.

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