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Entropic uncertainty relations and the measurement range problem, with consequences for high-dimensional quantum key distribution

Abstract

The measurement range problem, where one cannot determine the data outside the range of the detector, limits the characterization of entanglement in high-dimensional quantum systems when employing, among other tools from information theory, the entropic uncertainty relations. Practically, the measurement range problem weakens the security of entanglement-based large-alphabet quantum key distribution (QKD) employing degrees of freedom including time-frequency or electric field quadrature. We present a modified entropic uncertainty relation that circumvents the measurement range problem under certain conditions and apply it to well-known QKD protocols. For time-frequency QKD, although our bound is an improvement, we find that high channel loss poses a problem for its feasibility. In homodyne-based continuous variable QKD, we find our bound provides a quantitative way to monitor for saturation attacks.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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