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Enhancement of squeezing with cascaded and coherent feedback-controlled degenerate optical parametric amplifiers

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Abstract

The squeezing level of light on atomic resonance produced by a degenerate optical parametric amplifier (DOPA) is now limited by blue or violet pump-light-induced loss, and it is difficult to improve the squeezing by simply reducing the loss of DOPA. In this study, two promising schemes, namely, the cascaded DOPA (C-DOPA) and the coherent feedback-controlled DOPA (CFC-DOPA), are theoretically discussed. For a ideal case, the CFC-DOPA can realize infinite squeezing output but requires almost infinite accuracy in phase locking. For a practical case with feasible physical parameters of realistic systems, the performance of squeezing enhancement for the C-DOPA and CFC-DOPA is compared. The C-DOPA shows advantages in the megahertz frequency range, while the CFC-DOPA shows advantages in the low-frequency range. At a general analysis frequency of 2 MHz, C-DOPA shows better robustness against the loss of the system. As a price, it requires a smaller instability tolerance for phase locking. With the C-DOPA, the squeezing on Rb atomic resonance can be pushed from ${-}5\;{\rm dB} $ to ${-}7\;{\rm dB} $. Our analytical results can provide a valuable reference for designing experimental devices to efficiently produce high-quality squeezed light on atomic resonance, which has potential applications in quantum information processing and quantum metrology.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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