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Chaotic dynamics of an atomic Bose–Einstein condensate in a frequency-modulated cavity QED

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Abstract

Nonlinear systems, including atom–field interaction, are investigated due to their fundamental applications in quantum mechanics and rapidly growing fields of quantum communication, especially secure communication with chaotic dynamics. In this paper, we study the chaotic dynamics of a system consisting of an atomic Bose–Einstein condensate interacting with a quantized radiation field in a high-quality cavity with a periodically modulated length. The frequency modulation is adapted by a periodic time-dependent atom–field coupling strength. We use a semiclassical approach to decouple the atoms and field variables and then numerically solve the corresponding nonlinear dynamical equations of the system. Generally, the dynamics of the system sensitively depends on its initial conditions, thereby long-term prediction is impossible. We show that the system demonstrates the emergence of classical dynamical chaos from quantum electrodynamics. The chaotic behavior of energy transfer in the system can be enhanced by increasing the depth of frequency modulation. The strange attractor clearly illustrates that the system presents extremely exotic dynamics over a wide range of parameters. This implies that the dynamical quantities oscillate irregularly, never exactly repeating but always remaining in a bounded region of the phase space.

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Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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