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Heralded quantum-entanglement transfer based on photon absorption of nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond

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Abstract

As a kind of hybrid spin system, nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond have shown great advantages in implementing quantum registers for quantum information processing (QIP). When scaling up quantum registers to quantum networks for long-distance quantum communication and distributed quantum computation, determining how to entangle two registers in distant nodes is a basic challenge in the absence of direct interactions. In this paper, we present a scheme for entangling two distant NV centers based on the special optical absorption and emission of NV centers. In this demonstration, we transfer the entanglement information of a pair of photons to nuclear spins in NV centers and create remote NV–NV entanglement mediated by entangled photons. We then explain how to extract the entangled information from NV centers to prepare on-demand entangled photons for optical quantum information processing. The strategy of entanglement transfer between spins and photons demonstrated herein may pave the way for an NV-center-based quantum network.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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