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Investigation of quadrature squeezing in parametric downconversion with a partially coherent pump

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Abstract

We investigate the behavior of squeezing in combined quadratures of biphotons generated in the parametric downconversion process for partially coherent pump beams in spatial, temporal, and spatiotemporal domains compared to fully coherent beams. These beams involve both stationary (continuous-wave) and non-stationary (pulsed) processes. This study also involves the derivation of complex Gaussian representation for a partially spatially coherent pump modeled as a Gaussian Schell model beam, which is more resistant to the effects of turbulence. Our findings illustrate that by employing the partially coherent pump, one can generate a squeezed state possessing partially coherent properties without compromising in squeezing by optimizing pump field amplitude, interaction length, and degree of coherence of the pump. We anticipate these results to be useful in limiting the possibility of eavesdropping in noisy channels and optical high-precision measurements in the case of continuous-variable quantum key distribution based on two-mode squeezed states.

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Equations (27)

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