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All-optical bistabilities of polydiacetylene Langmuir–Blodgett film waveguides

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Abstract

Two types of all-optical bistability were observed in polydiacetylene Langmuir–Blodgett (PDALB) films layered on rf-sputtered Corning 7059 slab-type waveguides with fused-quartz substrates. One bistability originating from optical nonlinear coupling between a prism and a PDALB-Corning hybrid waveguide produced input and output curves with hysteresis characteristics. The other type of bistability was observed in the hybrid waveguide with a nonlinear distributed-Bragg reflector of the PDALB top layer. We cannot yet determine whether the origins of both bistabilities are electronic or thermal.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

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