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First ionization potential of hafnium by double-resonance field-ionization spectroscopy

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Abstract

The first ionization potential of hafnium, Hf i, has been determined as 55 047.9(3) cm−1 by double-resonance, fieldionization spectroscopy performed on an atomic beam produced by laser vaporization of a hafnium target.

© 1988 Optical Society of America

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