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Optica Publishing Group
  • Journal of the Optical Society of Korea
  • Vol. 13,
  • Issue 2,
  • pp. 245-250
  • (2009)

Measurement of a Mirror Surface Topography Using 2-frame Phase-shifting Digital Interferometry

Open Access Open Access


We propose a digital holographic interference analysis method based on a 2-frame phase-shifting technique for measuring an optical mirror surface. The technique using 2-frame phase-shifting digital interferometry is more efficient than multi-frame phase-shifting techniques because the 2-frame method has the advantage of a reduced number of interferograms, and then takes less time to acquire the wanted topography information from interferograms. In this measurement system, 2-frame phase-shifting digital interferograms are acquired by moving the reference flat mirror surface, which is attached to a piezoelectric transducer, with phase step of 0 or <TEX>$\pi$</TEX>/2 in the reference beam path. The measurements are recorded on a CCD detector. The optical interferometry is designed on the basis of polarization characteristics of a polarizing beam splitter. Therefore the noise from outside turbulence can be decreased. The proposed 2-frame algorithm uses the relative phase difference of the neighbor pixels. The experiment has been carried out on an optical mirror which flatness is less than <TEX>$\lambda$</TEX>/4. The measurement of the optical mirror surface topography using 2-frame phase-shifting interferometry shows that the peak-to-peak value is calculated to be about <TEX>$0.1779{\mu}m$</TEX>, the root-mean-square value is about <TEX>$0.034{\mu}m$</TEX>. Thus, the proposed method is expected to be used in nondestructive testing of optical components.

© 2009 Optical Society of Korea

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