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Improved large-mode-area endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibers

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Abstract

We numerically study the possibilities for improved large-mode-area endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibers for use in high-power delivery applications. By carefully choosing the optimal hole diameter, we find that a triangular core formed by three missing neighboring air holes considerably improves the mode area and loss properties compared with the case with a core formed by one missing air hole. In a realized fiber we demonstrate an enhancement of the mode area by 30% without a corresponding increase in the attenuation.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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