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Spontaneous creation and annihilation of temporal cavity solitons in a coherently driven passive fiber resonator

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Abstract

We report on the experimental observation of spontaneous creation and annihilation of temporal cavity solitons (CSs) in a coherently driven, macroscopic optical fiber resonator. Specifically, we show that CSs are spontaneously created when the frequency of the cavity driving field is tuned across a resonance, and that they can individually disappear at different stages of the scan. In contrast to previous experiments in monolithic microresonators, we are able to identify these dynamics in real time, thanks to the macroscopic dimensions of our resonator. Our experimental observations are in excellent agreement with numerical simulations. We also discuss the mechanisms responsible for the one-by-one disappearance of CSs.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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