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Tripartite nonseparability in classical optics

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Abstract

It is possible to prepare classical optical beams which cannot be characterized by a tensor product of vectors describing each of their degrees of freedom. Here we report the experimental creation of such a nonseparable, tripartite GHZ-like state of path, polarization, and transverse modes of a classical laser beam. We use a Mach–Zehnder interferometer with an additional mirror and other optical elements to perform measurements that violate Mermin’s inequality. This demonstration of a classical optical analogue of tripartite entanglement paves the path to novel optical applications inspired by multipartite quantum information protocols.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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