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Nodeless hollow-core fiber for the visible spectral range

Abstract

We report on a hollow-core fiber (HCF) whose fundamental transmission band covers almost the whole visible spectral window, starting at 440 nm. This HCF, in the form of a nodeless structure (NL-HCF), exhibits unprecedented optical performance in terms of low transmission attenuation of 80 dB/km at 532 nm, a broad transmission bandwidth from 440 to 1200 nm, a low bending loss of 0.2 dB/m at 532 nm under 8 cm bending radius, and single-mode profile. When launched to high-power picosecond laser systems at 532 nm, the fiber, exposed to ambient air, could easily deliver an 80 ps, 58 MHz, 32 W average power laser pulse with no damage and a 20 ps, 1 kHz high-energy laser pulse with a damage threshold in excess of 144 μJ at a fiber output. A proof-of-concept experiment on Raman spectroscopy in ambient air shows the significance of this broadband visible guiding HCF for interdisciplinary applications in nonlinear optics, ultrafast optics, lasers, spectroscopy, biophotonics, material processing, etc.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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