Expand this Topic clickable element to expand a topic
Skip to content
Optica Publishing Group

Efficient erbium-doped thin-film lithium niobate waveguide amplifiers

Open Access Open Access

Abstract

Lithium niobate on insulator (LNOI) is an emerging photonic platform with great promise for use in future optical communications, nonlinear optics, and microwave photonics. An important integrated photonic building block, active waveguide amplifiers, however, are still missing in the LNOI platform. Here, we report an efficient and compact waveguide amplifier based on erbium-doped LNOI waveguides, achieved using a sequence of erbium-doped crystal growth, ion slicing, and lithography-based waveguide fabrication. Using a compact 5 mm long waveguide, we demonstrate an on-chip net gain of ${\gt}{{5}}\;{\rm{dB}}$ for 1530 nm signal light with a relatively low pump power of 21 mW at 980 nm. The efficient LNOI waveguide amplifiers could become an important fundamental element in future lithium niobate photonic integrated circuits.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
More Like This
On-chip erbium-doped lithium niobate microring lasers

Qiang Luo, Chen Yang, Ru Zhang, Zhenzhong Hao, Dahuai Zheng, Hongde Liu, Xuanyi Yu, Feng Gao, Fang Bo, Yongfa Kong, Guoquan Zhang, and Jingjun Xu
Opt. Lett. 46(13) 3275-3278 (2021)

Single-frequency integrated laser on erbium-doped lithium niobate on insulator

Zeyu Xiao, Kan Wu, Minglu Cai, Tieying Li, and Jianping Chen
Opt. Lett. 46(17) 4128-4131 (2021)

Low-loss edge-coupling thin-film lithium niobate modulator with an efficient phase shifter

Pan Ying, Heyun Tan, Junwei Zhang, Mingbo He, Mengyue Xu, Xiaoyue Liu, Renyou Ge, Yuntao Zhu, Chuan Liu, and Xinlun Cai
Opt. Lett. 46(6) 1478-1481 (2021)

References

  • View by:

  1. A. Boes, B. Corcoran, L. Chang, J. Bowers, and A. Mitchell, Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700256 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Lin, F. Bo, Y. Cheng, and J. Xu, Photon. Res. 8, 1910 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Rao and S. Fathpour, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 8200912 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  4. C. Wang, M. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Bertrand, A. Shams-Ansari, S. Chandrasekhar, P. Winzer, and M. Lončar, Nature 562, 101 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Xu, M. He, H. Zhang, J. Jian, Y. Pan, X. Liu, L. Chen, X. Meng, H. Chen, Z. Li, X. Xiao, S. Yu, S. Yu, and X. Cai, Nat. Commun. 11, 3911 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  6. B. Pan, J. Hu, Y. Huang, L. Song, J. Wang, P. Chen, L. Liu, and D. Dai, in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2020), paper M4D.7.
  7. M. Li, J. Ling, Y. He, U. A. Javid, S. Xue, and Q. Lin, Nat. Commun. 11, 4123 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  8. S. Liu, Y. Zheng, Z. Fang, X. Ye, Y. Cheng, and X. Chen, Opt. Lett. 44, 1456 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  9. C. Wang, C. Langrock, A. Marandi, M. Jankowski, M. Zhang, B. Desiatov, M. M. Fejer, and M. Lončar, Optica 5, 1438 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. Lu, J. B. Surya, X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, Z. Gong, Y. Xu, and H. X. Tang, Optica 6, 1455 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. Y. Chen, Z. H. Ma, Y. M. Sua, Z. Li, C. Tang, and Y. P. Huang, Optica 6, 1244 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  12. C. Wang, M. Zhang, M. Yu, R. Zhu, H. Hu, and M. Loncar, Nat. Commun. 10, 978 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. Zhang, B. Buscaino, C. Wang, A. Shams-Ansari, C. Reimer, R. Zhu, J. M. Kahn, and M. Lončar, Nature 568, 373 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  14. Y. He, Q. Yang, J. Ling, R. Luo, H. Liang, M. Li, B. Shen, H. Wang, K. Vahala, and Q. Lin, Optica 6, 1138 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. Zhao, C. Ma, M. Rüsing, and S. Mookherjea, Phys. Rev. Lett. 124, 163603 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  16. B. S. Elkus, K. Abdelsalam, A. Rao, V. Velev, S. Fathpour, P. Kumar, and G. S. Kanter, Opt. Express 27, 38521 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  17. D. Pohl, M. Reig Escalé, M. Madi, F. Kaufmann, P. Brotzer, A. Sergeyev, B. Guldimann, P. Giaccari, E. Alberti, U. Meier, and R. Grange, Nat. Photonics 14, 24 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  18. H. C. Frankis, H. M. Mbonde, D. B. Bonneville, C. Zhang, R. Mateman, A. Leinse, and J. D. B. Bradley, Photon. Res. 8, 1022 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  19. J. Rönn, W. Zhang, A. Autere, X. Leroux, L. Pakarinen, C. Alonso-Ramos, A. Säynätjoki, H. Lipsanen, L. Vivien, E. Cassan, and Z. Sun, Nat. Commun. 10, 432 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  20. S. A. Vázquez-Córdova, M. Dijkstra, E. H. Bernhardi, F. Ay, K. Wörhoff, J. L. Herek, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, Opt. Express 22, 25993 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  21. A. Z. Subramanian, G. S. Murugan, M. N. Zervas, and J. S. Wilkinson, Opt. Commun. 285, 124 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  22. D. Brüske, S. Suntsov, C. E. Rüter, and D. Kip, Opt. Express 25, 29374 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  23. D. Zhang, F. Han, B. Chen, P. Hua, D. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, J. Lightwave Technol. 32, 135 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  24. J. D. B. Bradley and M. Pollnau, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 368 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  25. Z. Wang, Z. Fang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, Y. Zhou, J. Zhang, R. Wu, M. Wang, T. Lu, and Y. Cheng, Opt. Lett. 46, 380 (2021).
    [Crossref]
  26. Y. Liu, X. Yan, J. Wu, B. Zhu, Y. Chen, and X. Chen, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234262 (2021).
    [Crossref]
  27. Q. Luo, Z. Z. Hao, C. Yang, R. Zhang, D. H. Zheng, S. G. Liu, H. De Liu, F. Bo, Y. F. Kong, G. Q. Zhang, and J. J. Xu, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234263 (2021).
    [Crossref]
  28. S. Wang, L. Yang, R. Cheng, Y. Xu, M. Shen, R. L. Cone, C. W. Thiel, and H. X. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 116, 151103 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  29. M. Wang, R. Wu, J. Lin, J. Zhang, Z. Fang, Z. Chai, and Y. Cheng, Quantum Eng. 1, e9 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  30. R. Wolf, I. Breunig, H. Zappe, and K. Buse, Opt. Express 26, 19815 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  31. D. Hofstetter and R. L. Thornton, Opt. Lett. 22, 1831 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  32. J. Zhou, Y. Liang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, H. Zhang, D. Yin, Z. Fang, R. Wu, J. Zhang, W. Chen, Z. Wang, Y. Zhou, M. Wang, and Y. Cheng, “On-chip integrated waveguide amplifiers on Erbium- doped thin film lithium niobate on insulator,” arXiv:2101.00783 (2021).

2021 (3)

Z. Wang, Z. Fang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, Y. Zhou, J. Zhang, R. Wu, M. Wang, T. Lu, and Y. Cheng, Opt. Lett. 46, 380 (2021).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, X. Yan, J. Wu, B. Zhu, Y. Chen, and X. Chen, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234262 (2021).
[Crossref]

Q. Luo, Z. Z. Hao, C. Yang, R. Zhang, D. H. Zheng, S. G. Liu, H. De Liu, F. Bo, Y. F. Kong, G. Q. Zhang, and J. J. Xu, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234263 (2021).
[Crossref]

2020 (7)

S. Wang, L. Yang, R. Cheng, Y. Xu, M. Shen, R. L. Cone, C. W. Thiel, and H. X. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 116, 151103 (2020).
[Crossref]

M. Xu, M. He, H. Zhang, J. Jian, Y. Pan, X. Liu, L. Chen, X. Meng, H. Chen, Z. Li, X. Xiao, S. Yu, S. Yu, and X. Cai, Nat. Commun. 11, 3911 (2020).
[Crossref]

M. Li, J. Ling, Y. He, U. A. Javid, S. Xue, and Q. Lin, Nat. Commun. 11, 4123 (2020).
[Crossref]

J. Lin, F. Bo, Y. Cheng, and J. Xu, Photon. Res. 8, 1910 (2020).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, C. Ma, M. Rüsing, and S. Mookherjea, Phys. Rev. Lett. 124, 163603 (2020).
[Crossref]

D. Pohl, M. Reig Escalé, M. Madi, F. Kaufmann, P. Brotzer, A. Sergeyev, B. Guldimann, P. Giaccari, E. Alberti, U. Meier, and R. Grange, Nat. Photonics 14, 24 (2020).
[Crossref]

H. C. Frankis, H. M. Mbonde, D. B. Bonneville, C. Zhang, R. Mateman, A. Leinse, and J. D. B. Bradley, Photon. Res. 8, 1022 (2020).
[Crossref]

2019 (9)

J. Rönn, W. Zhang, A. Autere, X. Leroux, L. Pakarinen, C. Alonso-Ramos, A. Säynätjoki, H. Lipsanen, L. Vivien, E. Cassan, and Z. Sun, Nat. Commun. 10, 432 (2019).
[Crossref]

B. S. Elkus, K. Abdelsalam, A. Rao, V. Velev, S. Fathpour, P. Kumar, and G. S. Kanter, Opt. Express 27, 38521 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, Y. Zheng, Z. Fang, X. Ye, Y. Cheng, and X. Chen, Opt. Lett. 44, 1456 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, J. B. Surya, X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, Z. Gong, Y. Xu, and H. X. Tang, Optica 6, 1455 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Chen, Z. H. Ma, Y. M. Sua, Z. Li, C. Tang, and Y. P. Huang, Optica 6, 1244 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Wang, M. Zhang, M. Yu, R. Zhu, H. Hu, and M. Loncar, Nat. Commun. 10, 978 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Zhang, B. Buscaino, C. Wang, A. Shams-Ansari, C. Reimer, R. Zhu, J. M. Kahn, and M. Lončar, Nature 568, 373 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. He, Q. Yang, J. Ling, R. Luo, H. Liang, M. Li, B. Shen, H. Wang, K. Vahala, and Q. Lin, Optica 6, 1138 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Wang, R. Wu, J. Lin, J. Zhang, Z. Fang, Z. Chai, and Y. Cheng, Quantum Eng. 1, e9 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (5)

R. Wolf, I. Breunig, H. Zappe, and K. Buse, Opt. Express 26, 19815 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Boes, B. Corcoran, L. Chang, J. Bowers, and A. Mitchell, Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700256 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Wang, C. Langrock, A. Marandi, M. Jankowski, M. Zhang, B. Desiatov, M. M. Fejer, and M. Lončar, Optica 5, 1438 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Rao and S. Fathpour, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 8200912 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Wang, M. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Bertrand, A. Shams-Ansari, S. Chandrasekhar, P. Winzer, and M. Lončar, Nature 562, 101 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (1)

2014 (2)

2012 (1)

A. Z. Subramanian, G. S. Murugan, M. N. Zervas, and J. S. Wilkinson, Opt. Commun. 285, 124 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

J. D. B. Bradley and M. Pollnau, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 368 (2011).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

Abdelsalam, K.

Alberti, E.

D. Pohl, M. Reig Escalé, M. Madi, F. Kaufmann, P. Brotzer, A. Sergeyev, B. Guldimann, P. Giaccari, E. Alberti, U. Meier, and R. Grange, Nat. Photonics 14, 24 (2020).
[Crossref]

Alonso-Ramos, C.

J. Rönn, W. Zhang, A. Autere, X. Leroux, L. Pakarinen, C. Alonso-Ramos, A. Säynätjoki, H. Lipsanen, L. Vivien, E. Cassan, and Z. Sun, Nat. Commun. 10, 432 (2019).
[Crossref]

Autere, A.

J. Rönn, W. Zhang, A. Autere, X. Leroux, L. Pakarinen, C. Alonso-Ramos, A. Säynätjoki, H. Lipsanen, L. Vivien, E. Cassan, and Z. Sun, Nat. Commun. 10, 432 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ay, F.

Bernhardi, E. H.

Bertrand, M.

C. Wang, M. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Bertrand, A. Shams-Ansari, S. Chandrasekhar, P. Winzer, and M. Lončar, Nature 562, 101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bo, F.

Q. Luo, Z. Z. Hao, C. Yang, R. Zhang, D. H. Zheng, S. G. Liu, H. De Liu, F. Bo, Y. F. Kong, G. Q. Zhang, and J. J. Xu, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234263 (2021).
[Crossref]

J. Lin, F. Bo, Y. Cheng, and J. Xu, Photon. Res. 8, 1910 (2020).
[Crossref]

Boes, A.

A. Boes, B. Corcoran, L. Chang, J. Bowers, and A. Mitchell, Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700256 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bonneville, D. B.

Bowers, J.

A. Boes, B. Corcoran, L. Chang, J. Bowers, and A. Mitchell, Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700256 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bradley, J. D. B.

Breunig, I.

Brotzer, P.

D. Pohl, M. Reig Escalé, M. Madi, F. Kaufmann, P. Brotzer, A. Sergeyev, B. Guldimann, P. Giaccari, E. Alberti, U. Meier, and R. Grange, Nat. Photonics 14, 24 (2020).
[Crossref]

Bruch, A. W.

Brüske, D.

Buscaino, B.

M. Zhang, B. Buscaino, C. Wang, A. Shams-Ansari, C. Reimer, R. Zhu, J. M. Kahn, and M. Lončar, Nature 568, 373 (2019).
[Crossref]

Buse, K.

Cai, X.

M. Xu, M. He, H. Zhang, J. Jian, Y. Pan, X. Liu, L. Chen, X. Meng, H. Chen, Z. Li, X. Xiao, S. Yu, S. Yu, and X. Cai, Nat. Commun. 11, 3911 (2020).
[Crossref]

Cassan, E.

J. Rönn, W. Zhang, A. Autere, X. Leroux, L. Pakarinen, C. Alonso-Ramos, A. Säynätjoki, H. Lipsanen, L. Vivien, E. Cassan, and Z. Sun, Nat. Commun. 10, 432 (2019).
[Crossref]

Chai, Z.

M. Wang, R. Wu, J. Lin, J. Zhang, Z. Fang, Z. Chai, and Y. Cheng, Quantum Eng. 1, e9 (2019).
[Crossref]

Chandrasekhar, S.

C. Wang, M. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Bertrand, A. Shams-Ansari, S. Chandrasekhar, P. Winzer, and M. Lončar, Nature 562, 101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chang, L.

A. Boes, B. Corcoran, L. Chang, J. Bowers, and A. Mitchell, Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700256 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, B.

Chen, H.

M. Xu, M. He, H. Zhang, J. Jian, Y. Pan, X. Liu, L. Chen, X. Meng, H. Chen, Z. Li, X. Xiao, S. Yu, S. Yu, and X. Cai, Nat. Commun. 11, 3911 (2020).
[Crossref]

Chen, J. Y.

Chen, L.

M. Xu, M. He, H. Zhang, J. Jian, Y. Pan, X. Liu, L. Chen, X. Meng, H. Chen, Z. Li, X. Xiao, S. Yu, S. Yu, and X. Cai, Nat. Commun. 11, 3911 (2020).
[Crossref]

Chen, P.

B. Pan, J. Hu, Y. Huang, L. Song, J. Wang, P. Chen, L. Liu, and D. Dai, in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2020), paper M4D.7.

Chen, W.

J. Zhou, Y. Liang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, H. Zhang, D. Yin, Z. Fang, R. Wu, J. Zhang, W. Chen, Z. Wang, Y. Zhou, M. Wang, and Y. Cheng, “On-chip integrated waveguide amplifiers on Erbium- doped thin film lithium niobate on insulator,” arXiv:2101.00783 (2021).

Chen, X.

Y. Liu, X. Yan, J. Wu, B. Zhu, Y. Chen, and X. Chen, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234262 (2021).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, Y. Zheng, Z. Fang, X. Ye, Y. Cheng, and X. Chen, Opt. Lett. 44, 1456 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Wang, M. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Bertrand, A. Shams-Ansari, S. Chandrasekhar, P. Winzer, and M. Lončar, Nature 562, 101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Y. Liu, X. Yan, J. Wu, B. Zhu, Y. Chen, and X. Chen, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234262 (2021).
[Crossref]

Cheng, R.

S. Wang, L. Yang, R. Cheng, Y. Xu, M. Shen, R. L. Cone, C. W. Thiel, and H. X. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 116, 151103 (2020).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Y.

Z. Wang, Z. Fang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, Y. Zhou, J. Zhang, R. Wu, M. Wang, T. Lu, and Y. Cheng, Opt. Lett. 46, 380 (2021).
[Crossref]

J. Lin, F. Bo, Y. Cheng, and J. Xu, Photon. Res. 8, 1910 (2020).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, Y. Zheng, Z. Fang, X. Ye, Y. Cheng, and X. Chen, Opt. Lett. 44, 1456 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Wang, R. Wu, J. Lin, J. Zhang, Z. Fang, Z. Chai, and Y. Cheng, Quantum Eng. 1, e9 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, Y. Liang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, H. Zhang, D. Yin, Z. Fang, R. Wu, J. Zhang, W. Chen, Z. Wang, Y. Zhou, M. Wang, and Y. Cheng, “On-chip integrated waveguide amplifiers on Erbium- doped thin film lithium niobate on insulator,” arXiv:2101.00783 (2021).

Chu, W.

Z. Wang, Z. Fang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, Y. Zhou, J. Zhang, R. Wu, M. Wang, T. Lu, and Y. Cheng, Opt. Lett. 46, 380 (2021).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, Y. Liang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, H. Zhang, D. Yin, Z. Fang, R. Wu, J. Zhang, W. Chen, Z. Wang, Y. Zhou, M. Wang, and Y. Cheng, “On-chip integrated waveguide amplifiers on Erbium- doped thin film lithium niobate on insulator,” arXiv:2101.00783 (2021).

Cone, R. L.

S. Wang, L. Yang, R. Cheng, Y. Xu, M. Shen, R. L. Cone, C. W. Thiel, and H. X. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 116, 151103 (2020).
[Crossref]

Corcoran, B.

A. Boes, B. Corcoran, L. Chang, J. Bowers, and A. Mitchell, Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700256 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dai, D.

B. Pan, J. Hu, Y. Huang, L. Song, J. Wang, P. Chen, L. Liu, and D. Dai, in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2020), paper M4D.7.

De Liu, H.

Q. Luo, Z. Z. Hao, C. Yang, R. Zhang, D. H. Zheng, S. G. Liu, H. De Liu, F. Bo, Y. F. Kong, G. Q. Zhang, and J. J. Xu, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234263 (2021).
[Crossref]

Desiatov, B.

Dijkstra, M.

Elkus, B. S.

Fang, Z.

Z. Wang, Z. Fang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, Y. Zhou, J. Zhang, R. Wu, M. Wang, T. Lu, and Y. Cheng, Opt. Lett. 46, 380 (2021).
[Crossref]

M. Wang, R. Wu, J. Lin, J. Zhang, Z. Fang, Z. Chai, and Y. Cheng, Quantum Eng. 1, e9 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, Y. Zheng, Z. Fang, X. Ye, Y. Cheng, and X. Chen, Opt. Lett. 44, 1456 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, Y. Liang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, H. Zhang, D. Yin, Z. Fang, R. Wu, J. Zhang, W. Chen, Z. Wang, Y. Zhou, M. Wang, and Y. Cheng, “On-chip integrated waveguide amplifiers on Erbium- doped thin film lithium niobate on insulator,” arXiv:2101.00783 (2021).

Fathpour, S.

Fejer, M. M.

Frankis, H. C.

García-Blanco, S. M.

Giaccari, P.

D. Pohl, M. Reig Escalé, M. Madi, F. Kaufmann, P. Brotzer, A. Sergeyev, B. Guldimann, P. Giaccari, E. Alberti, U. Meier, and R. Grange, Nat. Photonics 14, 24 (2020).
[Crossref]

Gong, Z.

Grange, R.

D. Pohl, M. Reig Escalé, M. Madi, F. Kaufmann, P. Brotzer, A. Sergeyev, B. Guldimann, P. Giaccari, E. Alberti, U. Meier, and R. Grange, Nat. Photonics 14, 24 (2020).
[Crossref]

Guldimann, B.

D. Pohl, M. Reig Escalé, M. Madi, F. Kaufmann, P. Brotzer, A. Sergeyev, B. Guldimann, P. Giaccari, E. Alberti, U. Meier, and R. Grange, Nat. Photonics 14, 24 (2020).
[Crossref]

Han, F.

Hao, Z. Z.

Q. Luo, Z. Z. Hao, C. Yang, R. Zhang, D. H. Zheng, S. G. Liu, H. De Liu, F. Bo, Y. F. Kong, G. Q. Zhang, and J. J. Xu, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234263 (2021).
[Crossref]

He, M.

M. Xu, M. He, H. Zhang, J. Jian, Y. Pan, X. Liu, L. Chen, X. Meng, H. Chen, Z. Li, X. Xiao, S. Yu, S. Yu, and X. Cai, Nat. Commun. 11, 3911 (2020).
[Crossref]

He, Y.

Herek, J. L.

Hofstetter, D.

Hu, H.

C. Wang, M. Zhang, M. Yu, R. Zhu, H. Hu, and M. Loncar, Nat. Commun. 10, 978 (2019).
[Crossref]

Hu, J.

B. Pan, J. Hu, Y. Huang, L. Song, J. Wang, P. Chen, L. Liu, and D. Dai, in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2020), paper M4D.7.

Hua, P.

Huang, Y.

B. Pan, J. Hu, Y. Huang, L. Song, J. Wang, P. Chen, L. Liu, and D. Dai, in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2020), paper M4D.7.

Huang, Y. P.

Jankowski, M.

Javid, U. A.

M. Li, J. Ling, Y. He, U. A. Javid, S. Xue, and Q. Lin, Nat. Commun. 11, 4123 (2020).
[Crossref]

Jian, J.

M. Xu, M. He, H. Zhang, J. Jian, Y. Pan, X. Liu, L. Chen, X. Meng, H. Chen, Z. Li, X. Xiao, S. Yu, S. Yu, and X. Cai, Nat. Commun. 11, 3911 (2020).
[Crossref]

Kahn, J. M.

M. Zhang, B. Buscaino, C. Wang, A. Shams-Ansari, C. Reimer, R. Zhu, J. M. Kahn, and M. Lončar, Nature 568, 373 (2019).
[Crossref]

Kanter, G. S.

Kaufmann, F.

D. Pohl, M. Reig Escalé, M. Madi, F. Kaufmann, P. Brotzer, A. Sergeyev, B. Guldimann, P. Giaccari, E. Alberti, U. Meier, and R. Grange, Nat. Photonics 14, 24 (2020).
[Crossref]

Kip, D.

Kong, Y. F.

Q. Luo, Z. Z. Hao, C. Yang, R. Zhang, D. H. Zheng, S. G. Liu, H. De Liu, F. Bo, Y. F. Kong, G. Q. Zhang, and J. J. Xu, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234263 (2021).
[Crossref]

Kumar, P.

Langrock, C.

Leinse, A.

Leroux, X.

J. Rönn, W. Zhang, A. Autere, X. Leroux, L. Pakarinen, C. Alonso-Ramos, A. Säynätjoki, H. Lipsanen, L. Vivien, E. Cassan, and Z. Sun, Nat. Commun. 10, 432 (2019).
[Crossref]

Li, M.

Li, Z.

M. Xu, M. He, H. Zhang, J. Jian, Y. Pan, X. Liu, L. Chen, X. Meng, H. Chen, Z. Li, X. Xiao, S. Yu, S. Yu, and X. Cai, Nat. Commun. 11, 3911 (2020).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Chen, Z. H. Ma, Y. M. Sua, Z. Li, C. Tang, and Y. P. Huang, Optica 6, 1244 (2019).
[Crossref]

Liang, H.

Liang, Y.

J. Zhou, Y. Liang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, H. Zhang, D. Yin, Z. Fang, R. Wu, J. Zhang, W. Chen, Z. Wang, Y. Zhou, M. Wang, and Y. Cheng, “On-chip integrated waveguide amplifiers on Erbium- doped thin film lithium niobate on insulator,” arXiv:2101.00783 (2021).

Lin, J.

J. Lin, F. Bo, Y. Cheng, and J. Xu, Photon. Res. 8, 1910 (2020).
[Crossref]

M. Wang, R. Wu, J. Lin, J. Zhang, Z. Fang, Z. Chai, and Y. Cheng, Quantum Eng. 1, e9 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lin, Q.

Ling, J.

Lipsanen, H.

J. Rönn, W. Zhang, A. Autere, X. Leroux, L. Pakarinen, C. Alonso-Ramos, A. Säynätjoki, H. Lipsanen, L. Vivien, E. Cassan, and Z. Sun, Nat. Commun. 10, 432 (2019).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

B. Pan, J. Hu, Y. Huang, L. Song, J. Wang, P. Chen, L. Liu, and D. Dai, in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2020), paper M4D.7.

Liu, S.

Liu, S. G.

Q. Luo, Z. Z. Hao, C. Yang, R. Zhang, D. H. Zheng, S. G. Liu, H. De Liu, F. Bo, Y. F. Kong, G. Q. Zhang, and J. J. Xu, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234263 (2021).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

M. Xu, M. He, H. Zhang, J. Jian, Y. Pan, X. Liu, L. Chen, X. Meng, H. Chen, Z. Li, X. Xiao, S. Yu, S. Yu, and X. Cai, Nat. Commun. 11, 3911 (2020).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, J. B. Surya, X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, Z. Gong, Y. Xu, and H. X. Tang, Optica 6, 1455 (2019).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, X. Yan, J. Wu, B. Zhu, Y. Chen, and X. Chen, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234262 (2021).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Z. Wang, Z. Fang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, Y. Zhou, J. Zhang, R. Wu, M. Wang, T. Lu, and Y. Cheng, Opt. Lett. 46, 380 (2021).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, Y. Liang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, H. Zhang, D. Yin, Z. Fang, R. Wu, J. Zhang, W. Chen, Z. Wang, Y. Zhou, M. Wang, and Y. Cheng, “On-chip integrated waveguide amplifiers on Erbium- doped thin film lithium niobate on insulator,” arXiv:2101.00783 (2021).

Loncar, M.

M. Zhang, B. Buscaino, C. Wang, A. Shams-Ansari, C. Reimer, R. Zhu, J. M. Kahn, and M. Lončar, Nature 568, 373 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Wang, M. Zhang, M. Yu, R. Zhu, H. Hu, and M. Loncar, Nat. Commun. 10, 978 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Wang, C. Langrock, A. Marandi, M. Jankowski, M. Zhang, B. Desiatov, M. M. Fejer, and M. Lončar, Optica 5, 1438 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Wang, M. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Bertrand, A. Shams-Ansari, S. Chandrasekhar, P. Winzer, and M. Lončar, Nature 562, 101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lu, J.

Lu, T.

Luo, Q.

Q. Luo, Z. Z. Hao, C. Yang, R. Zhang, D. H. Zheng, S. G. Liu, H. De Liu, F. Bo, Y. F. Kong, G. Q. Zhang, and J. J. Xu, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234263 (2021).
[Crossref]

Luo, R.

Ma, C.

J. Zhao, C. Ma, M. Rüsing, and S. Mookherjea, Phys. Rev. Lett. 124, 163603 (2020).
[Crossref]

Ma, Z. H.

Madi, M.

D. Pohl, M. Reig Escalé, M. Madi, F. Kaufmann, P. Brotzer, A. Sergeyev, B. Guldimann, P. Giaccari, E. Alberti, U. Meier, and R. Grange, Nat. Photonics 14, 24 (2020).
[Crossref]

Marandi, A.

Mateman, R.

Mbonde, H. M.

Meier, U.

D. Pohl, M. Reig Escalé, M. Madi, F. Kaufmann, P. Brotzer, A. Sergeyev, B. Guldimann, P. Giaccari, E. Alberti, U. Meier, and R. Grange, Nat. Photonics 14, 24 (2020).
[Crossref]

Meng, X.

M. Xu, M. He, H. Zhang, J. Jian, Y. Pan, X. Liu, L. Chen, X. Meng, H. Chen, Z. Li, X. Xiao, S. Yu, S. Yu, and X. Cai, Nat. Commun. 11, 3911 (2020).
[Crossref]

Mitchell, A.

A. Boes, B. Corcoran, L. Chang, J. Bowers, and A. Mitchell, Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700256 (2018).
[Crossref]

Mookherjea, S.

J. Zhao, C. Ma, M. Rüsing, and S. Mookherjea, Phys. Rev. Lett. 124, 163603 (2020).
[Crossref]

Murugan, G. S.

A. Z. Subramanian, G. S. Murugan, M. N. Zervas, and J. S. Wilkinson, Opt. Commun. 285, 124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pakarinen, L.

J. Rönn, W. Zhang, A. Autere, X. Leroux, L. Pakarinen, C. Alonso-Ramos, A. Säynätjoki, H. Lipsanen, L. Vivien, E. Cassan, and Z. Sun, Nat. Commun. 10, 432 (2019).
[Crossref]

Pan, B.

B. Pan, J. Hu, Y. Huang, L. Song, J. Wang, P. Chen, L. Liu, and D. Dai, in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2020), paper M4D.7.

Pan, Y.

M. Xu, M. He, H. Zhang, J. Jian, Y. Pan, X. Liu, L. Chen, X. Meng, H. Chen, Z. Li, X. Xiao, S. Yu, S. Yu, and X. Cai, Nat. Commun. 11, 3911 (2020).
[Crossref]

Pohl, D.

D. Pohl, M. Reig Escalé, M. Madi, F. Kaufmann, P. Brotzer, A. Sergeyev, B. Guldimann, P. Giaccari, E. Alberti, U. Meier, and R. Grange, Nat. Photonics 14, 24 (2020).
[Crossref]

Pollnau, M.

Pun, E. Y. B.

Rao, A.

Reig Escalé, M.

D. Pohl, M. Reig Escalé, M. Madi, F. Kaufmann, P. Brotzer, A. Sergeyev, B. Guldimann, P. Giaccari, E. Alberti, U. Meier, and R. Grange, Nat. Photonics 14, 24 (2020).
[Crossref]

Reimer, C.

M. Zhang, B. Buscaino, C. Wang, A. Shams-Ansari, C. Reimer, R. Zhu, J. M. Kahn, and M. Lončar, Nature 568, 373 (2019).
[Crossref]

Rönn, J.

J. Rönn, W. Zhang, A. Autere, X. Leroux, L. Pakarinen, C. Alonso-Ramos, A. Säynätjoki, H. Lipsanen, L. Vivien, E. Cassan, and Z. Sun, Nat. Commun. 10, 432 (2019).
[Crossref]

Rüsing, M.

J. Zhao, C. Ma, M. Rüsing, and S. Mookherjea, Phys. Rev. Lett. 124, 163603 (2020).
[Crossref]

Rüter, C. E.

Säynätjoki, A.

J. Rönn, W. Zhang, A. Autere, X. Leroux, L. Pakarinen, C. Alonso-Ramos, A. Säynätjoki, H. Lipsanen, L. Vivien, E. Cassan, and Z. Sun, Nat. Commun. 10, 432 (2019).
[Crossref]

Sergeyev, A.

D. Pohl, M. Reig Escalé, M. Madi, F. Kaufmann, P. Brotzer, A. Sergeyev, B. Guldimann, P. Giaccari, E. Alberti, U. Meier, and R. Grange, Nat. Photonics 14, 24 (2020).
[Crossref]

Shams-Ansari, A.

M. Zhang, B. Buscaino, C. Wang, A. Shams-Ansari, C. Reimer, R. Zhu, J. M. Kahn, and M. Lončar, Nature 568, 373 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Wang, M. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Bertrand, A. Shams-Ansari, S. Chandrasekhar, P. Winzer, and M. Lončar, Nature 562, 101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shen, B.

Shen, M.

S. Wang, L. Yang, R. Cheng, Y. Xu, M. Shen, R. L. Cone, C. W. Thiel, and H. X. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 116, 151103 (2020).
[Crossref]

Song, L.

B. Pan, J. Hu, Y. Huang, L. Song, J. Wang, P. Chen, L. Liu, and D. Dai, in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2020), paper M4D.7.

Sua, Y. M.

Subramanian, A. Z.

A. Z. Subramanian, G. S. Murugan, M. N. Zervas, and J. S. Wilkinson, Opt. Commun. 285, 124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

J. Rönn, W. Zhang, A. Autere, X. Leroux, L. Pakarinen, C. Alonso-Ramos, A. Säynätjoki, H. Lipsanen, L. Vivien, E. Cassan, and Z. Sun, Nat. Commun. 10, 432 (2019).
[Crossref]

Suntsov, S.

Surya, J. B.

Tang, C.

Tang, H. X.

S. Wang, L. Yang, R. Cheng, Y. Xu, M. Shen, R. L. Cone, C. W. Thiel, and H. X. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 116, 151103 (2020).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, J. B. Surya, X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, Z. Gong, Y. Xu, and H. X. Tang, Optica 6, 1455 (2019).
[Crossref]

Thiel, C. W.

S. Wang, L. Yang, R. Cheng, Y. Xu, M. Shen, R. L. Cone, C. W. Thiel, and H. X. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 116, 151103 (2020).
[Crossref]

Thornton, R. L.

Vahala, K.

Vázquez-Córdova, S. A.

Velev, V.

Vivien, L.

J. Rönn, W. Zhang, A. Autere, X. Leroux, L. Pakarinen, C. Alonso-Ramos, A. Säynätjoki, H. Lipsanen, L. Vivien, E. Cassan, and Z. Sun, Nat. Commun. 10, 432 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

M. Zhang, B. Buscaino, C. Wang, A. Shams-Ansari, C. Reimer, R. Zhu, J. M. Kahn, and M. Lončar, Nature 568, 373 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Wang, M. Zhang, M. Yu, R. Zhu, H. Hu, and M. Loncar, Nat. Commun. 10, 978 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Wang, C. Langrock, A. Marandi, M. Jankowski, M. Zhang, B. Desiatov, M. M. Fejer, and M. Lončar, Optica 5, 1438 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Wang, M. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Bertrand, A. Shams-Ansari, S. Chandrasekhar, P. Winzer, and M. Lončar, Nature 562, 101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

Wang, J.

B. Pan, J. Hu, Y. Huang, L. Song, J. Wang, P. Chen, L. Liu, and D. Dai, in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2020), paper M4D.7.

Wang, M.

Z. Wang, Z. Fang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, Y. Zhou, J. Zhang, R. Wu, M. Wang, T. Lu, and Y. Cheng, Opt. Lett. 46, 380 (2021).
[Crossref]

M. Wang, R. Wu, J. Lin, J. Zhang, Z. Fang, Z. Chai, and Y. Cheng, Quantum Eng. 1, e9 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, Y. Liang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, H. Zhang, D. Yin, Z. Fang, R. Wu, J. Zhang, W. Chen, Z. Wang, Y. Zhou, M. Wang, and Y. Cheng, “On-chip integrated waveguide amplifiers on Erbium- doped thin film lithium niobate on insulator,” arXiv:2101.00783 (2021).

Wang, S.

S. Wang, L. Yang, R. Cheng, Y. Xu, M. Shen, R. L. Cone, C. W. Thiel, and H. X. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 116, 151103 (2020).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, Z. Fang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, Y. Zhou, J. Zhang, R. Wu, M. Wang, T. Lu, and Y. Cheng, Opt. Lett. 46, 380 (2021).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, Y. Liang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, H. Zhang, D. Yin, Z. Fang, R. Wu, J. Zhang, W. Chen, Z. Wang, Y. Zhou, M. Wang, and Y. Cheng, “On-chip integrated waveguide amplifiers on Erbium- doped thin film lithium niobate on insulator,” arXiv:2101.00783 (2021).

Wilkinson, J. S.

A. Z. Subramanian, G. S. Murugan, M. N. Zervas, and J. S. Wilkinson, Opt. Commun. 285, 124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Winzer, P.

C. Wang, M. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Bertrand, A. Shams-Ansari, S. Chandrasekhar, P. Winzer, and M. Lončar, Nature 562, 101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wolf, R.

Wörhoff, K.

Wu, J.

Y. Liu, X. Yan, J. Wu, B. Zhu, Y. Chen, and X. Chen, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234262 (2021).
[Crossref]

Wu, R.

Z. Wang, Z. Fang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, Y. Zhou, J. Zhang, R. Wu, M. Wang, T. Lu, and Y. Cheng, Opt. Lett. 46, 380 (2021).
[Crossref]

M. Wang, R. Wu, J. Lin, J. Zhang, Z. Fang, Z. Chai, and Y. Cheng, Quantum Eng. 1, e9 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, Y. Liang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, H. Zhang, D. Yin, Z. Fang, R. Wu, J. Zhang, W. Chen, Z. Wang, Y. Zhou, M. Wang, and Y. Cheng, “On-chip integrated waveguide amplifiers on Erbium- doped thin film lithium niobate on insulator,” arXiv:2101.00783 (2021).

Xiao, X.

M. Xu, M. He, H. Zhang, J. Jian, Y. Pan, X. Liu, L. Chen, X. Meng, H. Chen, Z. Li, X. Xiao, S. Yu, S. Yu, and X. Cai, Nat. Commun. 11, 3911 (2020).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Xu, J. J.

Q. Luo, Z. Z. Hao, C. Yang, R. Zhang, D. H. Zheng, S. G. Liu, H. De Liu, F. Bo, Y. F. Kong, G. Q. Zhang, and J. J. Xu, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234263 (2021).
[Crossref]

Xu, M.

M. Xu, M. He, H. Zhang, J. Jian, Y. Pan, X. Liu, L. Chen, X. Meng, H. Chen, Z. Li, X. Xiao, S. Yu, S. Yu, and X. Cai, Nat. Commun. 11, 3911 (2020).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

S. Wang, L. Yang, R. Cheng, Y. Xu, M. Shen, R. L. Cone, C. W. Thiel, and H. X. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 116, 151103 (2020).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, J. B. Surya, X. Liu, A. W. Bruch, Z. Gong, Y. Xu, and H. X. Tang, Optica 6, 1455 (2019).
[Crossref]

Xue, S.

M. Li, J. Ling, Y. He, U. A. Javid, S. Xue, and Q. Lin, Nat. Commun. 11, 4123 (2020).
[Crossref]

Yan, X.

Y. Liu, X. Yan, J. Wu, B. Zhu, Y. Chen, and X. Chen, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234262 (2021).
[Crossref]

Yang, C.

Q. Luo, Z. Z. Hao, C. Yang, R. Zhang, D. H. Zheng, S. G. Liu, H. De Liu, F. Bo, Y. F. Kong, G. Q. Zhang, and J. J. Xu, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234263 (2021).
[Crossref]

Yang, L.

S. Wang, L. Yang, R. Cheng, Y. Xu, M. Shen, R. L. Cone, C. W. Thiel, and H. X. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 116, 151103 (2020).
[Crossref]

Yang, Q.

Ye, X.

Yin, D.

J. Zhou, Y. Liang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, H. Zhang, D. Yin, Z. Fang, R. Wu, J. Zhang, W. Chen, Z. Wang, Y. Zhou, M. Wang, and Y. Cheng, “On-chip integrated waveguide amplifiers on Erbium- doped thin film lithium niobate on insulator,” arXiv:2101.00783 (2021).

Yu, D.

Yu, M.

C. Wang, M. Zhang, M. Yu, R. Zhu, H. Hu, and M. Loncar, Nat. Commun. 10, 978 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yu, S.

M. Xu, M. He, H. Zhang, J. Jian, Y. Pan, X. Liu, L. Chen, X. Meng, H. Chen, Z. Li, X. Xiao, S. Yu, S. Yu, and X. Cai, Nat. Commun. 11, 3911 (2020).
[Crossref]

M. Xu, M. He, H. Zhang, J. Jian, Y. Pan, X. Liu, L. Chen, X. Meng, H. Chen, Z. Li, X. Xiao, S. Yu, S. Yu, and X. Cai, Nat. Commun. 11, 3911 (2020).
[Crossref]

Zappe, H.

Zervas, M. N.

A. Z. Subramanian, G. S. Murugan, M. N. Zervas, and J. S. Wilkinson, Opt. Commun. 285, 124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

Zhang, D.

Zhang, G. Q.

Q. Luo, Z. Z. Hao, C. Yang, R. Zhang, D. H. Zheng, S. G. Liu, H. De Liu, F. Bo, Y. F. Kong, G. Q. Zhang, and J. J. Xu, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234263 (2021).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

M. Xu, M. He, H. Zhang, J. Jian, Y. Pan, X. Liu, L. Chen, X. Meng, H. Chen, Z. Li, X. Xiao, S. Yu, S. Yu, and X. Cai, Nat. Commun. 11, 3911 (2020).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, Y. Liang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, H. Zhang, D. Yin, Z. Fang, R. Wu, J. Zhang, W. Chen, Z. Wang, Y. Zhou, M. Wang, and Y. Cheng, “On-chip integrated waveguide amplifiers on Erbium- doped thin film lithium niobate on insulator,” arXiv:2101.00783 (2021).

Zhang, J.

Z. Wang, Z. Fang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, Y. Zhou, J. Zhang, R. Wu, M. Wang, T. Lu, and Y. Cheng, Opt. Lett. 46, 380 (2021).
[Crossref]

M. Wang, R. Wu, J. Lin, J. Zhang, Z. Fang, Z. Chai, and Y. Cheng, Quantum Eng. 1, e9 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, Y. Liang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, H. Zhang, D. Yin, Z. Fang, R. Wu, J. Zhang, W. Chen, Z. Wang, Y. Zhou, M. Wang, and Y. Cheng, “On-chip integrated waveguide amplifiers on Erbium- doped thin film lithium niobate on insulator,” arXiv:2101.00783 (2021).

Zhang, M.

C. Wang, M. Zhang, M. Yu, R. Zhu, H. Hu, and M. Loncar, Nat. Commun. 10, 978 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Zhang, B. Buscaino, C. Wang, A. Shams-Ansari, C. Reimer, R. Zhu, J. M. Kahn, and M. Lončar, Nature 568, 373 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Wang, M. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Bertrand, A. Shams-Ansari, S. Chandrasekhar, P. Winzer, and M. Lončar, Nature 562, 101 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Wang, C. Langrock, A. Marandi, M. Jankowski, M. Zhang, B. Desiatov, M. M. Fejer, and M. Lončar, Optica 5, 1438 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, R.

Q. Luo, Z. Z. Hao, C. Yang, R. Zhang, D. H. Zheng, S. G. Liu, H. De Liu, F. Bo, Y. F. Kong, G. Q. Zhang, and J. J. Xu, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234263 (2021).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

J. Rönn, W. Zhang, A. Autere, X. Leroux, L. Pakarinen, C. Alonso-Ramos, A. Säynätjoki, H. Lipsanen, L. Vivien, E. Cassan, and Z. Sun, Nat. Commun. 10, 432 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

J. Zhao, C. Ma, M. Rüsing, and S. Mookherjea, Phys. Rev. Lett. 124, 163603 (2020).
[Crossref]

Zheng, D. H.

Q. Luo, Z. Z. Hao, C. Yang, R. Zhang, D. H. Zheng, S. G. Liu, H. De Liu, F. Bo, Y. F. Kong, G. Q. Zhang, and J. J. Xu, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234263 (2021).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Y.

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, Y. Liang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, H. Zhang, D. Yin, Z. Fang, R. Wu, J. Zhang, W. Chen, Z. Wang, Y. Zhou, M. Wang, and Y. Cheng, “On-chip integrated waveguide amplifiers on Erbium- doped thin film lithium niobate on insulator,” arXiv:2101.00783 (2021).

Zhou, Y.

Z. Wang, Z. Fang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, Y. Zhou, J. Zhang, R. Wu, M. Wang, T. Lu, and Y. Cheng, Opt. Lett. 46, 380 (2021).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, Y. Liang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, H. Zhang, D. Yin, Z. Fang, R. Wu, J. Zhang, W. Chen, Z. Wang, Y. Zhou, M. Wang, and Y. Cheng, “On-chip integrated waveguide amplifiers on Erbium- doped thin film lithium niobate on insulator,” arXiv:2101.00783 (2021).

Zhu, B.

Y. Liu, X. Yan, J. Wu, B. Zhu, Y. Chen, and X. Chen, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234262 (2021).
[Crossref]

Zhu, R.

C. Wang, M. Zhang, M. Yu, R. Zhu, H. Hu, and M. Loncar, Nat. Commun. 10, 978 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Zhang, B. Buscaino, C. Wang, A. Shams-Ansari, C. Reimer, R. Zhu, J. M. Kahn, and M. Lončar, Nature 568, 373 (2019).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Wang, L. Yang, R. Cheng, Y. Xu, M. Shen, R. L. Cone, C. W. Thiel, and H. X. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 116, 151103 (2020).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Rao and S. Fathpour, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 8200912 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (2)

J. D. B. Bradley and M. Pollnau, Laser Photon. Rev. 5, 368 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Boes, B. Corcoran, L. Chang, J. Bowers, and A. Mitchell, Laser Photon. Rev. 12, 1700256 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (4)

M. Li, J. Ling, Y. He, U. A. Javid, S. Xue, and Q. Lin, Nat. Commun. 11, 4123 (2020).
[Crossref]

C. Wang, M. Zhang, M. Yu, R. Zhu, H. Hu, and M. Loncar, Nat. Commun. 10, 978 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Xu, M. He, H. Zhang, J. Jian, Y. Pan, X. Liu, L. Chen, X. Meng, H. Chen, Z. Li, X. Xiao, S. Yu, S. Yu, and X. Cai, Nat. Commun. 11, 3911 (2020).
[Crossref]

J. Rönn, W. Zhang, A. Autere, X. Leroux, L. Pakarinen, C. Alonso-Ramos, A. Säynätjoki, H. Lipsanen, L. Vivien, E. Cassan, and Z. Sun, Nat. Commun. 10, 432 (2019).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

D. Pohl, M. Reig Escalé, M. Madi, F. Kaufmann, P. Brotzer, A. Sergeyev, B. Guldimann, P. Giaccari, E. Alberti, U. Meier, and R. Grange, Nat. Photonics 14, 24 (2020).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

M. Zhang, B. Buscaino, C. Wang, A. Shams-Ansari, C. Reimer, R. Zhu, J. M. Kahn, and M. Lončar, Nature 568, 373 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Wang, M. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Bertrand, A. Shams-Ansari, S. Chandrasekhar, P. Winzer, and M. Lončar, Nature 562, 101 (2018).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Z. Subramanian, G. S. Murugan, M. N. Zervas, and J. S. Wilkinson, Opt. Commun. 285, 124 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Optica (4)

Photon. Res. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Zhao, C. Ma, M. Rüsing, and S. Mookherjea, Phys. Rev. Lett. 124, 163603 (2020).
[Crossref]

Quantum Eng. (1)

M. Wang, R. Wu, J. Lin, J. Zhang, Z. Fang, Z. Chai, and Y. Cheng, Quantum Eng. 1, e9 (2019).
[Crossref]

Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. (2)

Y. Liu, X. Yan, J. Wu, B. Zhu, Y. Chen, and X. Chen, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234262 (2021).
[Crossref]

Q. Luo, Z. Z. Hao, C. Yang, R. Zhang, D. H. Zheng, S. G. Liu, H. De Liu, F. Bo, Y. F. Kong, G. Q. Zhang, and J. J. Xu, Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 64, 234263 (2021).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

J. Zhou, Y. Liang, Z. Liu, W. Chu, H. Zhang, D. Yin, Z. Fang, R. Wu, J. Zhang, W. Chen, Z. Wang, Y. Zhou, M. Wang, and Y. Cheng, “On-chip integrated waveguide amplifiers on Erbium- doped thin film lithium niobate on insulator,” arXiv:2101.00783 (2021).

B. Pan, J. Hu, Y. Huang, L. Song, J. Wang, P. Chen, L. Liu, and D. Dai, in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference (Optical Society of America, 2020), paper M4D.7.

Data availability

Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

Cited By

Optica participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from Optica Publishing Group journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Czochralski process for Er:LN crystal growth. (b) Ion-slicing process to create Er:LNOI wafer. Insets: Er:LNOI wafer showing green fluorescence (top); ${{\rm{Er}}^{3 +}}$ energy diagram (bottom). (c) Cross-section schematic of the final Er:LNOI rib waveguides. (d) SEM images of a waveguide-coupled Er:LN microring resonator. (e) Simulated electric field profiles ( ${E_x}$ ) of ${{\rm{TE}}_0}$ modes at 980 nm (top) and 1550 nm (bottom).
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Experimental setup for gain characterization. (b) Signal enhancement factor versus signal wavelength. (c) ASE spectrum of the Er:LNOI waveguide. (d) Optical transmission spectrum (blue) and Fano-fit curve (red) of an Er:LNOI microring resonator. (e) Fiber-to-fiber transmission spectrum showing strong Fabry–Perot fringes.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a), (b) Measured signal spectra as a function of increasing pump powers measured at (a) 1531.6 nm and (b) 1550 nm. Pump powers: 0, 1 mW, 2 mW, 4.2 mW, 8.6 mW, 16.7 mW, and 21 mW. (c), (d) Net internal gain as a function of pump power at (c) 1531.6 nm and (d) 1550 nm.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Dependence of net internal gain on signal power. (b) Measured internal conversion efficiency (blue dots) as a function of signal power. Red-dashed line shows the linear trend according to small-signal gain.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

α = 2 π N e f f λ 0 Q i ,
η = 100 % × ( P s i g n a l , o n P s i g n a l , o f f ) / ( P s i g n a l , o n P s i g n a l , o f f ) P p u m p P p u m p ,

Metrics

Select as filters


Select Topics Cancel
© Copyright 2022 | Optica Publishing Group. All Rights Reserved