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High birefringence in tension-coiled single-mode fibers

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Abstract

Coiling a single-mode fiber of radius r under tension onto a cylinder of radius R produces a linear birefringence of βtc ≃ 28 × 107 2r/R deg/m in the fiber at λ = 0.63 μm, where z is the relative fiber elongation. Polarization beat lengths down to 2.5 cm have been realized this way, providing excellent polarization holding.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

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