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Electro-optic-waveguide frequency translator in LiNbO3 fabricated by proton exchange

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Abstract

An optical waveguide phase modulator has been fabricated on X-cut LiNbO3 by using proton exchange in benzoic acid. The phase modulator was operated as a serrodyne optical-frequency translator with shifted-signal to image-signal discrimination of 52 dB for a 4-MHz frequency shift. The amplitude of the sawtooth driving signal was 10 V peak to peak. Application of a de bias voltage of either polarity was found to cause a substantial reduction in transmitted-light intensity.

© 1982 Optical Society of America

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