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Random walk of coherently amplified solitons in optical fiber transmission

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Abstract

In an optical-communications system using soliton pulse transmission, periodic amplification is needed to maintain the energy of the solitons. We show that amplifier noise causes a soliton’s group velocity to undergo a random-walk process. The resultant timing errors at the receiver limit the system’s product of length times bit rate, in one example, to about 24 000 GHz-km.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

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