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Nonlinear pulse propagation in the neighborhood of the zero-dispersion wavelength of monomode optical fibers

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Abstract

Nonlinear pulse propagation is investigated in the neighborhood of the zero-dispersion wavelength in monomode fibers. When the amplitude is sufficiently large to generate breathers (N > 1 solitons), it is found that the pulses break apart if λλ0 is sufficiently small, owing to the third-order dispersion. Here λ0 denotes the zero-dispersion wavelength. By contrast, the solitary-wave (N = 1) solution appears well behaved for arbitrary λλ0. Implications for communication systems and pulse compression are discussed.

© 1986 Optical Society of America

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