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Ultrashort-pulse propagation in optical fibers

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Abstract

A more exact model is suggested for the description of nonlinear light propagation in fibers. In addition to the previously discussed self-phase modulation, parametric, dispersion, self-steepening, and Raman self-scattering effects, this model also takes into account the Stokes losses associated with the material excitation, the dependence of nonlinear effects on the light frequency, and the frequency dependence of the fiber mode area. The self-steepening effect is taken into account more correctly in comparison with previous models. The effects influence considerably the femtosecond soliton propagation. The model is generalized for the case of various fiber dispersion properties along the fiber length. The possibility of obtaining high-quality pulses of less than 15-fsec duration by compression of fundamental solitons with approximately 100-fsec duration in fibers with slowly decreasing dispersion is shown.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

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