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Photoinduced refractive-index changes in two-mode, elliptical-core fibers: sensing applications

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Abstract

Photoinduced refractive-index changes in two-mode, elliptical-core optical fibers are shown to affect the differential phase modulation between the LP01 and the LP11even modes. This change in beat length is dependent on the amount of strain induced in the fiber while the grating is being formed. We present experimental results that agree with conventional coupled-mode theory and propose the use of such sensors for weighted and distributed applications.

© 1991 Optical Society of America

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